Tuesday, January 21, 2020
Karl Marx - Capitalist Alienation THE TERM "alienation" in normal usage refers to a feeling of separateness, of being alone and apart from others. For Marx, alienation was not a feeling or a mental condition, but an economic and social condition of class society--in particular, capitalist society. Alienation, in Marxist terms, refers to the separation of the mass of wage workers from the products of their own labor. Marx first expressed the idea, somewhat poetically, in his 1844 Manuscripts: "The object that labor produces, its product, stands opposed to it as something alien, as a power independent of the producer." Most of us own neither the tools and machinery we work with nor the products that we produce--they belong to the capitalist that hired us. But everything we work on and in at some point comes from human labor. The irony is that everywhere we turn, we are confronted with the work of our own hands and brains, and yet these products of our labor appear as things outside of us, and outside of our control. Work and the products of work dominate us, rather than t... Karl Marx - Capitalist Alienation Essay -- Alienation Capitalist Socie Karl Marx - Capitalist Alienation THE TERM "alienation" in normal usage refers to a feeling of separateness, of being alone and apart from others. For Marx, alienation was not a feeling or a mental condition, but an economic and social condition of class society--in particular, capitalist society. Alienation, in Marxist terms, refers to the separation of the mass of wage workers from the products of their own labor. Marx first expressed the idea, somewhat poetically, in his 1844 Manuscripts: "The object that labor produces, its product, stands opposed to it as something alien, as a power independent of the producer." Most of us own neither the tools and machinery we work with nor the products that we produce--they belong to the capitalist that hired us. But everything we work on and in at some point comes from human labor. The irony is that everywhere we turn, we are confronted with the work of our own hands and brains, and yet these products of our labor appear as things outside of us, and outside of our control. Work and the products of work dominate us, rather than t...
Monday, January 13, 2020
Ã¢â¬Å"My source is not your concern. But if you spend some time studying these figures, you will clearly see that Senator Sexton does not have the kind of money he is currently spending. After Katherine died, he squandered the vast majority of her legacy on bad investments, personal comforts, and buying himself what appears to be certain victory in the primaries. As of six months ago, your candidate was broke.Ã¢â¬ Gabrielle sensed this had to be a bluff. If Sexton were broke, he sure wasn't acting it. He was buying advertising time in bigger and bigger blocks every week. Ã¢â¬Å"Your candidate,Ã¢â¬ Tench continued, Ã¢â¬Å"is currently outspending the President four to one. And he has no personal money.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"We get a lot of donations.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Yes, some of them legal.Ã¢â¬ Gabrielle's head shot up. Ã¢â¬Å"I beg your pardon?Ã¢â¬ Tench leaned across the desk, and Gabrielle could smell her nicotine breath. Ã¢â¬Å"Gabrielle Ashe, I am going to ask you a question, and I suggest you think very carefully before you answer. It could affect whether you spend the next few years in jail or not. Are you aware that Senator Sexton is accepting enormous illegal campaign bribes from aerospace companies who have billions to gain from the privatization of NASA?Ã¢â¬ Gabrielle stared. Ã¢â¬Å"That's an absurd allegation!Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Are you saying you are unaware of this activity?Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"I think I would know if the senator were accepting bribes of the magnitude you are suggesting.Ã¢â¬ Tench smiled coldly. Ã¢â¬Å"Gabrielle, I understand that Senator Sexton has shared a lot of himself with you, but I assure you there is plenty you do not know about the man.Ã¢â¬ Gabrielle stood up. Ã¢â¬Å"This meeting is over.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"On the contrary,Ã¢â¬ Tench said, removing the remaining contents of the folder and spreading it on the desk. Ã¢â¬Å"This meeting is just beginning.Ã¢â¬ 44 Inside the habisphere's Ã¢â¬Å"staging room,Ã¢â¬ Rachel Sexton felt like an astronaut as she slid into one of NASA's Mark IX microclimate survival suits. The black, one-piece, hooded jumpsuit resembled an inflatable scuba suit. Its two-ply, memory-foam fabric was fitted with hollow channels through which a dense gel was pumped to help the wearer regulate body temperature in both hot and cold environments. Now, as Rachel pulled the tight-fitting hood over her head, her eyes fell on the NASA administrator. He appeared as a silent sentinel at the door, clearly displeased with the necessity for this little mission. Norah Mangor was muttering obscenities as she got everyone outfitted. Ã¢â¬Å"Here's an extra pudgy,Ã¢â¬ she said, tossing Corky his suit. Tolland was already half into his. Once Rachel was fully zipped up, Norah found the stopcock on Rachel's side and connected her to an infusion tube that coiled out of a silver canister resembling a large scuba tank. Ã¢â¬Å"Inhale,Ã¢â¬ Norah said, opening the valve. Rachel heard a hiss and felt gel being injected into the suit. The memory foam expanded, and the suit compressed around her, pressing down on her inner layer of clothing. The sensation reminded her of sticking her hand underwater while wearing a rubber glove. As the hood inflated around her head, it pressed in on her ears, making everything sound muffled. I'm in a cocoon. Ã¢â¬Å"Best thing about the Mark IX,Ã¢â¬ Norah said, Ã¢â¬Å"is the padding. You can fall on your ass and not feel a thing.Ã¢â¬ Rachel believed it. She felt like she was trapped inside a mattress. Norah handed Rachel a series of tools-an ice ax, tether snaps, and carabiners, which she affixed to the belt harnessed on Rachel's waist. Ã¢â¬Å"All this?Ã¢â¬ Rachel asked, eyeing the gear. Ã¢â¬Å"To go two hundred yards?Ã¢â¬ Norah's eyes narrowed. Ã¢â¬Å"You want to come or not?Ã¢â¬ Tolland gave Rachel a reassuring nod. Ã¢â¬Å"Norah's just being careful.Ã¢â¬ Corky connected to the infusion tank and inflated his suit, looking amused. Ã¢â¬Å"I feel like I'm wearing a giant condom.Ã¢â¬ Norah gave a disgusted groan. Ã¢â¬Å"Like you'd know, virgin boy.Ã¢â¬ Tolland sat down next to Rachel. He gave her a weak smile as she donned her heavy boots and crampons. Ã¢â¬Å"You sure you want to come?Ã¢â¬ His eyes had a protective concern that drew her in. Rachel hoped her confident nod belied her growing trepidation. Two hundred yardsÃ¢â¬ ¦ not far at all. Ã¢â¬Å"And you thought you could find excitement only on the high seas.Ã¢â¬ Tolland chuckled, talking as he attached his own crampons. Ã¢â¬Å"I've decided I like liquid water much better than this frozen stuff.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"I've never been a big fan of either,Ã¢â¬ Rachel said. Ã¢â¬Å"I fell through the ice as a kid. Water's made me nervous ever since.Ã¢â¬ Tolland glanced over, his eyes sympathetic. Ã¢â¬Å"Sorry to hear that. When this is over, you'll have to come out and visit me on the Goya. I'll change your mind about water. Promise.Ã¢â¬ The invitation surprised her. The Goya was Tolland's research ship-well-known both from its role in Amazing Seas as well as its reputation as one of the strangest-looking ships on the ocean. Although a visit to the Goya would be unnerving for Rachel, she knew it would be hard to pass up. Ã¢â¬Å"She's anchored twelve miles off the coast of New Jersey at the moment,Ã¢â¬ Tolland said, struggling with his crampon latches. Ã¢â¬Å"Sounds like an unlikely spot.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Not at all. The Atlantic seaboard is an incredible place. We were gearing up to shoot a new documentary when I was so rudely interrupted by the President.Ã¢â¬ Rachel laughed. Ã¢â¬Å"Shooting a documentary on what?Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Sphyrna mokarran and megaplumes.Ã¢â¬ Rachel frowned. Ã¢â¬Å"Glad I asked.Ã¢â¬ Tolland finished attaching his crampons and looked up. Ã¢â¬Å"Seriously, I'll be filming out there for a couple weeks. Washington's not that far from the Jersey coast. Come out when you get back home. No reason to spend your life afraid of the water. My crew would roll out the red carpet for you.Ã¢â¬ Norah Mangor's voice blared. Ã¢â¬Å"Are we going outside, or should I get you two some candles and champagne?Ã¢â¬ 45 Gabrielle Ashe had no idea what to make of the documents now spread out before her on Marjorie Tench's desk. The pile included photocopied letters, faxes, transcripts of phone conversations, and they all seemed to support the allegation that Senator Sexton was in covert dialogue with private space companies. Tench pushed a couple of grainy black-and-white photographs toward Gabrielle. Ã¢â¬Å"I assume this is news to you?Ã¢â¬ Gabrielle looked at the photos. The first candid shot showed Senator Sexton getting out of a taxi in some kind of underground garage. Sexton never takes taxis. Gabrielle looked at the second shot-a telephoto of Sexton climbing into a parked white minivan. An old man appeared to be in the van waiting for him. Ã¢â¬Å"Who is that?Ã¢â¬ Gabrielle said, suspicious the photos might be faked. Ã¢â¬Å"A big shot from the SFF.Ã¢â¬ Gabrielle was doubtful. Ã¢â¬Å"The Space Frontier Foundation?Ã¢â¬ The SFF was like a Ã¢â¬Å"unionÃ¢â¬ for private space companies. It represented aerospace contractors, entrepreneurs, venture capitalists-any private entity that wanted to go into space. They tended to be critical of NASA, arguing that the U.S. space program employed unfair business practices to prevent private companies from launching missions into space. Ã¢â¬Å"The SFF,Ã¢â¬ Tench said, Ã¢â¬Å"now represents over a hundred major corporations, some very wealthy enterprises who are waiting eagerly for the Space Commercialization Promotions Act to be ratified.Ã¢â¬ Gabrielle considered it. For obvious reasons the SFF was a vocal supporter of Sexton's campaign, although the senator had been careful not to get too close to them because of their controversial lobbying tactics. Recently the SFF had published an explosive rant charging that NASA was in fact an Ã¢â¬Å"illegal monopolyÃ¢â¬ whose ability to operate at a loss and still stay in business represented unfair competition to private firms. According to the SFF, whenever AT T needed a telecomm satellite launched, several private space companies offered to do the job at a reasonable $50 million. Unfortunately, NASA always stepped in and offered to launch AT T's satellites for a mere twenty-five million, even though it cost NASA five times that to do the job! Operating at a loss is one way NASA keeps its grip on space, the SFF lawyers accused. And taxpayers pick up the tab.
Sunday, January 5, 2020
Introduction In 1914, militarism, alliances, imperialism, and nationalism began a war in Europe between the Allies (Britain, Russia, Italy, and France) and the Central Powers (Germany, Austria-Hungary, the Ottoman Empire and Bulgaria). This war would later be known as the First World War and only lasted four years, yet it destroyed EuropeÃ¢â¬â¢s economy and ravished its terrain. While the war was going on America claimed a neutral stance. Mostly for the fact that many Americas were isolationist and did not care what was going on in the other side of the world. The United States also had a large number of immigrants from Europe which made it difficult to pick a side because many had cultural ties to countries that were either part of the Allies or the Central Power and refused to fight their own people. For example, the Germans who were a large immigrant group during that time. However, as time went by, AmericaÃ¢â¬â¢s view slowly started to change because of the fear of a possib le economic collapse, unrestricted submarine warfare and the Zimmerman telegram which all led to the United States entrance into the Fist World War. A Possible Economic Collapse One reason America entered the First World War was because many feared an economic collapse. In the initially months of the First World War many businessmen saw this war as an economic boom. On September 4, 1914, in a personal letter to President Wilson, banker Jack Morgan states, Ã¢â¬Å"The war should be a tremendous opportunity forShow MoreRelatedThe Cold War and the War on Terror987 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesthat during the Cold War and the War on Terror, many of the feelings that citizens felt were the same, but what America called the enemy was different. Following the September 11th attacks, there was a feeling of paranoia felt throughout America similar to the paranoia felt during the Cold War. Americans did not feel safe, and an attack could come at any time. The fight on the home front looked different during the Cold War and the War on Terrorism. During the Cold War there was more of a correlationRead MoreThe Crazy Effects of a Hockey Game983 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesthat a ho ckey game could have such a crazy effect on the world and America. The medal round game between the United States of America and The Soviet Union would prove to be much more then just a game. The United States was getting more then just a victory and an upset, but our country was getting a much-needed moral boost in the fight against the Soviet Union in the Cold War. This wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t just a potential gold medal on the line, it was how we lived and our lifestyle compared to theirs. You want a trueRead MoreSeptember 11, 2001, And The United States1064 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages It was a day that brought shock, anger, disbelief, and sadness to everyone. 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Other times it is our duty to engage the enemy to protect our families, our freedom, and our way of life. President Wilson did all he could to remain diplomatic and finding a solution other than going to war with Germany and its allies. In the end he made the right choice to fight for this nation and the other nations Germany was trying to tear apart. Read MoreThe War Of The United States974 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pageswith troops, the United States was backed by the american war machine, what almost seemed like an endless supply of industry, manufacturing, and the capital for both. This represented the power shift to the other side of the Atlantic. BritainÃ¢â¬â¢s financial resources were in a desperate situation, and their unquestionable international supremacy was going along with it. Going into the end of 1941, XXX reflected on this shift on the horizon. 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There were many things that led up to the outbreak of the American Revolution, such as the Navigation Act, the Enlightenment, the Great Awakening, the French and Indian War, the Boston Massacre, and the Coercive Acts. It took many years for it to take place. This all started previously before 1775 with the first major event being the Navigation Acts of 1651. The Navigation Act of 1651 was an attempt to put more
Saturday, December 28, 2019
Beloved Be The Ones Who Sit Down An Exploration of an Economy Profiting off of Failure - Free Essay Example
Sample details Pages: 11 Words: 3157 Downloads: 10 Date added: 2019/03/18 Category Analytics Essay Level High school Tags: Failure Essay Did you like this example? Roy Andersson, a Swedish filmmaker known for his experimental yet simple approach to aesthetic and his humorous perspective on the destructive nature of human behavior, communicates a deeply rooted and concealed issue alive throughout the world today in his film Songs from the Second Floor (2000). Through this dark-comedy/drama film, the dread and existential crisis affiliated with the feeling of complete hopelessness, the act of contributing to your own destruction, and the steps taken that lead an individual to completely break down and begin attacking their own self identity as well as the unity and security of an entire country is communicated. These concepts are revealed through the instability of the characters relationships, the reactions to destructive behavior, and the loss of the stable foundations that seem to shape their lifestyles and identities entirely. DonÃ¢â¬â¢t waste time! Our writers will create an original "Beloved Be The Ones Who Sit Down An Exploration of an Economy Profiting off of Failure" essay for you Create order Anderssons portrayal of our world as a dystopia through Songs from the Second Floor gives insight as to what our faith is built upon and awakens our sense of despair as we recognize our own society within the destruction shown throughout the film. Employment status and ones contribution to the economy and industry are crucial factors when determining success and approval. Many individuals structure their lives around a job they are either working towards or already have in order to feel validated and useful to both themselves and those around them. This not only puts immense stress upon the individual to maintain their performance to their own standards but also introduces the risk of potential loss of stability and control if the opportunity or role in the industry is taken away. Throughout the film, Songs from the Second Floor, the importance of labor, employment, and a successful business or economy is evident. The society shown in the film and the individuals introduced are extremely dependent on the trust they have implanted in their industry and businesses. The characters seem to fail to understand the temporary state that jobs and money holds and completely disregard the qualities of life that bring authentic happiness and healthy joy into their lives. The economy in the film is presented as unstable and the community is struggling to cope with the loss of their most treasured foundation, the trust and dependency they have instilled into their jobs. One of the main characters, a middle aged businessman invested in his work and ritual lifestyle, is introduced in the beginning of the film. He is shown shining his shoes in preparation for a meeting with his boss and debating with his wife about missing work to spend the day with her. He quickly declines his wifes offer to spend the day together and states that he hasnt missed a day of work in fourteen years, ending his rebuttal with everything has its day. This infers that while the man may hope to take a day to himself at some point in the future, his current lifestyle and obligations wont allow it. This reveals that labor and work is in high demand as well as the rewards that are granted to those that work hard and produce positive results for the economy. After we observe the interaction between the husband and wife, the camera cuts to a scene of the same man on his hands and knees at the feet of his boss begging to keep his job. We learn that he has been fired from his job of t hirty years due to the crash of the economy and the poor state of the business. Despite the workers begging and efforts, the boss explains that, there is nothing (he) can do, and frees himself from the grasp of the man before leaving him on the floor of the office. The individual introduced through this scene is just one of the many displeased workers present throughout the film. Majority of the individuals presented in this society seem to be completely reliant and addicted to their jobs and positions in the industry. This behavior contributes to the identification of the society as a dystopia because the continuous, boring, and unrewarding work that is forced upon these individuals seems to be wanted and cherished despite the unhappiness it brings upon those involved. Acquiring an unwanted job and living an unexciting lifestyle is a possibility that many people fear today. This film brings that fear to life and not only demonstrates what happens when this is a reality but also puts the work we do in preparation for our future into perspective. Success and respect relies heavily on ones employment status, role in society, and wealth. This is evident in both the world presented in the film and and world we live in today. Studying hard, earning a degree, and being rewarded with a job that generates a large income and exciting life are qualities that are ingrai ned into the goals, hopes, and dreams of individuals everywhere. The amount of trust that we put into our jobs and consumer habits creates an economy that we can not successfully live without. However, based on the efforts and time that we devote to our business practices and industry the economy will equally suffer without our contributions. Our constant fear of not positively contributing to society is what actively keeps the demanding relationship between people and the economy alive. The demand and strain that is put on individuals to maintain their role in society in order to keep the economy from crashing can be expanded upon in the essay, The Fethishism of Commodities by German philosopher, Karl Marx. Through his writing, Marx explores the effect of work and production on society and introduces the concept of labor acting as a commodity. The ideas presented in this essay explains the behavior of the characters in Songs from the Second Floor. Marx explains that we cannot disconnect labor from commodity without losing the sense of quality and use value of those products. One does not exist without the other. We depend on our own labor as a product and therefore put immense confidence in our jobs and their ability to create a blissful and rewarding lifestyle for ourselves and our loved ones. Throughout the film, the most prized and sought after commodity was work and the profit that comes with it. In current times, holding a steady job and having an influential r ole in the industry is just as easily recognizable as being highly respected as in the film. The tragedy that was experienced when the availability of labor was in danger and the effect this event had on the community gives insight to the possible negative outcomes of depending solely on the availability of labor. While economy thrives off our want to be successful and contributive to society, it also survives off our frustrations towards the ways that our lives are affected by the industry and the demands we have created for ourselves. The need to constantly be working while at the same time contributing to society as both a consumer and producer leads to a tiring sense of endless disapproval and uneasiness. This is obvious throughout the entirety of the film through the apparent sadness and confusion displayed by the characters. The appearance of the individuals and the environment in the film are presented as physically plain, dull, lifeless, and near-death, yet they still seem to hold an immense amount of emotion and concern for what lies ahead. (Tucan). This theme is introduced within the first five minutes of the film, when we meet the characters controlling the businesses that will go on to destroy the foundation and faith of countless individuals lives. The two men discuss their failing business and what lies ahead for their company, their workers, the economy, and themselves. During the conversation, it is stated that if the company keeps performing poorly they will have to shut down entirely, leading to disaster for many people. This feeling of concern and empathy is quickly disregarded by one of the men, who seems to be the owner and boss of the corporation. In response to the struggle of living without a job or source of income he responds, Whats that got to do with us, we wont be around then. Whats the point of staying where there is only misery? (Andersson, 2:06). This opening scene hints at the obvious dissatisfaction present throughout the society and the burden that is brought upon the people living in a world dominated by business. The two men clearly understand the consequences that a failed business has on not only themselves, but also on everyone that may work for them. However, they dont offer any solutions or suggesti ons on how to save the company. They seem to understand that the business world and economy they have created has grown to be too powerful to be controlled or fixed. The world seems to be overrun by the sadness and confusion that has emerged from the working class of people unable to keep their jobs or make enough money to support themselves or their family. Their lack of hope for the future and the mindless work that they force upon themselves in order to distract themselves from their failures and destruction can be explained by Guy Debords theories in Society of the Spectacle. Debord describes the spectacle as, nothing more than an image of happy unification surrounded by desolation and fear at the tranquil center of misery, (Debord, Thesis 63). The spectacle is an explanation for why humans find a common discomfort among themselves as they attempt to achieve a false ideal image of what they hope to become based on the unrealistic expectations they have created for themselves. They dream of achieving success and prosperity in a society that thrives off their misery, therefore, turning their dissatisfaction into a commodity. Today, the economy and capitalist market takes control of our lives in a very similar way to the community in Songs from the Second Floor and to Debords theory. Our markets thrive off the control that advertising, mass media, and social expectations have over our wants and needs. The standards we hold ourselves to would not exist without the media convincing us that we need certain products or services to be successful, liked, or noticed. This relationship between humans and the economy creates an unhealthy relationship with business and an overpowering need to fulfill our endless desires and wants to be what society deems as successful. The pressures and expectations society puts on humanity leads to fears that overtake ones mental health and rationality, including the ability to determine imagination from reality and right from wrong. Being taught to believe that your main duty and goal as a conducive part of society is to hold a steady job and perform mindless work under the immense pressures of society puts a recognizable strain on those that choose to endure the burden of participating in a struggling economy. This struggle is clearly represented through one of the main characters experiences with the world in which he has become a victim to and the way his reality mimics the fears he has for both himself and his future. This individual is the owner of a struggling furniture shop and the father of a young man that is thought to have been driven crazy from writing poetry. Over time, he encounters the ghosts of individuals that have lost their lives due to the evils that the economy has introduced into society. Th e ghost of a man who lost a large amount of money, the ghost of young boy that was executed, and the ghost of a young girl that was sacrificed for the good of a failing company follow him through his decline into insanity. Jean Baudrillard comments on reality and originality in The Precession of the Simulacra. Baudrillard explains that over time, determining the true origin of any concept, product, or entity is impossible due to realitys tendency to mimic simulation. This connects to the lack of the characters understanding as to where true contentedness originates from. During his time of desperation and confusion, the business owner struggles with identifying the issue with his current beliefs and his own value to society. He believes that working is the only way to have a positive contribution to society and that the only thing worth being concerned about is earning a profit. When faced with the three ghosts, he fails to understand that the qualities he cherishes most are the same things that lead to the downfall of many lost individuals. The society believes that the only way to be respected is by devoting an entire lifetime to endless work, leading to the misinterpretation of reality and expectati ons. This is similar to our society today because many people believe that by achieving the same status of idolized figures they will be able to create a lifestyle full of opportunity, profit, and success. This glorified image is encouraged through media and the false perceptions of reality that it creates. In times of desperation and need, sacred items are either newly made or reintroduced into society in the attempt to establish a sense of comfort, hope, or stability among those that are struggling. Material things and products have taken a new role in our world as having the ability to bring a sense of familiarity or security despite the temporary form they have. In the film, as the community begins to lose hope in the world they have built around money and product, they turn to religion in hopes of bringing solace to those struggling. However, religion is reintroduced into society in a way that highlights where humanity went wrong. This attempt is made by a man who creates a business selling models of Jesus being crucified on the cross. The purchase of this product is meant to be a reminder of what faith used to be built upon and allow humanity to restore stability in something that may have the power to pull them out of the mess they created. While the focus should be on the meanin g behind the product, most of the attention of both the producer and the consumers is on the money being spent on this purchase. It is revealed that this symbolic item was created in an attempt create business. The businessman tried to create and sell what he believed the people were looking for, faith and reassurance. However, the creation of this product originated from an interest in personal gain as opposed to an authentic desire to bring a sense of healing to a damaged community. This is ironic in the sense that the image he is portraying through his business is meant to communicate a sense of understanding, care, and humanity. This scene can be discussed in relation to Emile Durkheims essay, Origins of These Beliefs: Origin of the Notion of the Totemic Principle, Or Mana. Through this piece, Durkheim explains the purpose of symbolic images and their effect on society. He believes that through the belief of a higher power and the physical emblems they embody, people can begin to live in a more productive and healthy way. Because of the effect these totems have on people, society never stops creating new sacred items, (Durkheim). Despite its intentions, the image of Jesus on the cross fails to bring solace to the community, further proving that humanity has lost touch with the principles that p reviously brought them happiness. As humans lead themselves even further into destruction and despair, it is easy to confuse right from wrong. Accurately recognizing who or what is determining these standards is essential to identifying whether these expectations come from a positive source. The community in the film has been trained to think that success only comes from a traditional industry job. This leads to many individuals that may be more interested in artistic or non-traditional careers to be cast from society or misunderstood. This concept is conveyed continuously throughout the film through the phrase, Beloved be the ones who sit down. In a world where everyone is distracted from life and consumed by the endless ritual of business, remembering to take time for ones self is often forgotten. The thought of sitting down and taking a break from work or refusing to participate in the demands of society is considered outrageous. Admiring those that choose this lifestyle is considered to be even more unacceptable. This makes this quote highly controversial in respect to the society created through this film. The first time we observe a strong negative reaction to this phrase, is when the business man visits his son in the hospital for the mentally ill. The man is infuriated when his other son begins to recite a poem that includes the line, beloved be the ones who sit down, to his brother in the hospital. The man believes his son is being encouraged to remain secluded from society and unemployed, however, the intention of the poem is to reassure the son that those not involved in the lifestyle built by the economy are wiser and more cherished by those who recognize the destruction around them. This scene illustrates the idea that those that dont adhere to the image and role of the working man are thought of as insane, useless, and ill. Human connection and emotions are disregarded as insane when they arent being utilized with the benefit of business in mind. The role that societal demand plays in creating a standard for whats right is illustrated through the essay, Interpretation of Cutures by Clifford Geertz. The chapter labeled, Deep Play: Notes on the Balinese Cockfight explores the culture of a Balinese village and the meaning t hat has been constructed around the sport of cockfighting. He discovers that while the sport may be illegal, the society as a whole agrees to continue its practice. Societys ability to strongly influence the spectrum of right and wrong is apparent through both the essay and the film. Geertz suggests that, man is an animal suspended in webs of significance he himself has spun, (Geertz). This theory is proven through the dystopia created by Andersson as well as the world we actively participate in today. Both societies are successful in convincing the public that by achieving a traditional lifestyle and having a stable job you are more likely to achieve recognition and happiness. The themes presented through Songs from the Second Floor give deeper insight to the dangers we are exposed to if we continue to rely on an economy built from our own fears. Anderssons approach to the controversy surrounding our industry and the destruction it creates in our personal lives is expanded upon through the studies of past philosophers and continues to remain relevant as we study the current habits of businesses and consumers. The exaggerated and dramatic representation of a society in despair allows us to observe the faults in our own habits and recognize the false faith we have in the world we have created around us.
Friday, December 20, 2019
Development of African American Studies Scholars have dedicated their time and attention to furthering the discipline of African American Studies and can define the field with many different definitions. Through looking at the origins and development in the study we can see how it became a legitimate academic field. As we study the writings of the African American intellect, it will fully explain the importance of the discipline. Their work will justify the study of cultural and historical experiences of Africans living in Africa or the African Diaspora. When examining the scholarÃ¢â¬â¢s arguments we can develop our own intellectually informed rationalization of the field of African American Studies. The intellectual development ofÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦The final movement took place at San Francisco State College and was organized by the collegeÃ¢â¬â¢s Black Student Union in 1966. They demanded that Black Studies become a department offered at their school and they were dedicated to achieving it. After two years of strikes, demands, and negotiations the movement was successful and San Francisco State College became the first to offer a Black Studies Program and Department. (Karenga) Scholars in the subject of African American Studies define it many different ways along with a variation of names. Black Studies defined by Maulana Karenga, defined the field as the systematic and critical study of the multidimensional aspects of Black thought and practice in their current and historical unfolding. (Karenga) Robert Harris uses the term Africana Studies and says it is the multidisciplinary analysis of the lives and thought of people of African ancestry on the African continent and throughout the world. (Harris) The focus of the field described by Russell Adams is the experience, problems and the prospects of individuals or groups wherever they may be is Africana. It centers on examining the historical records of Black people in Africa or the western hemisphere. (Adams)Even though there are many ways of titling and describing African American Studies, the overall focus and heart of the field remains the same universally. As Maulana Karenga uses the term social respo nsibility,Show MoreRelatedThe Article Controversial Blackness : The Historical Development Future Trajectory Of African American Studies1462 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages The article Ã¢â¬Å"Controversial Blackness: The Historical Development Future Trajectory of African American Studies,Ã¢â¬ was written by Martha Biondi, a European Associate Professor of African American Studies and History at Northwestern University. Martha Biondi (2011), discusses the trajectory, development, growth, training, history, of African American studies, and the expansion of doctoral programs of African American studies necessary for the future trajectory in that field. The article furtherRead MoreEssay on African American Academic Discipline Studies1305 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThe Origin, Development, and Purpose of Africana Studies as an Academic Discipline Thesis African American Studies is a change agent for the ideology of Black Americans. Black studies as an academic discipline serves to reorient the perspective of African Americans in an effort to regain a sense of pride and cultural identity stolen by white society. Abstract Ever since the Europeans forcefully brought Africans west, black people have struggled with a loss of their true culture andRead MoreThe Spiritual Factor Of African American Males Attending A White Christian Institutions1359 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThe Spiritual Factor: Examining the role spirituality plays in the development of African American Males attending Predominately White Christian Institutions Abstract This study examined the role that spirituality plays in the development of African American males who attend predominately white Christian institutions (PCIs). This hermeneutic phenomenological study focused on Christian college students who were African American males ages 18-21 and identified as evangelical Christian. FindingsRead MoreConnection between Racial Identity with Parental Attachment and Familial Communalism792 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pagesconnection between the racial identity of 165 African American college students with the inclusion of the variables of parental attachment and familial communalism. College students from the southern and eastern regions of the United States who grew up in two-parent homes with a higher median income than those of the average African American household were the population selected in for the study. There has a been a new emphases in understanding the development of individuals as it relates to the racialRead MoreCampus Culture in Higher Educ ation1710 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesincreasing evolution in the American social structure, the boundaries between Whites and African Americans are being demolished however the process itself, is quite time taking and has consumed various centuries so far. These boundaries are getting weaker but do exist in the American society. The academic culture in the American institutions is no different. A notion exists that where various academic institutions consider their students as their extension, African American students fail to feel thisRead MoreAfrican American Nursing Students Have The Lowest Graduation Rate Essay1059 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesAlthough African-Americans represent the largest minority group, studies show they have the lowest success rates in nursing programs. According to the AACN (2013), Ã¢â¬Å"African-American nursing students have the lowest graduation rate when compared to other minority groupsÃ¢â¬ . The lack of minorities providing care negatively effects healthcare outcomes and accessibility. In order to increase the number of African-Americans nurses practicing, it is essential to gain an understanding of the conditionsRead MoreHow The Strategies Implemented Within The Classroom1607 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesof this study is to examine how the strategies implemented within the classroom are set in place to increase young adult literature engagement towards African-American males in middle through high school classrooms living in an inner city sector of North Texas. Inspecting the progression through the spectacles of critical race theory (CRT), this study examines how to review cultural response to adjust teaching to responding to the cultural needs and learning styles of African American male studentsRead MoreRace, Religion, Social Class, And Ethnicity1274 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesand your awareness of others are all guided by how you identify. Identification in oneÃ¢â¬â¢s gender, race, religion, social class, and ethnicity are all driving forces behind your future self. Identity is a crucial part of who you are, and in recent studies and experimentation researchers have been trying to identify new, untested factors that influence behavior in people. Although, in the past there hasnÃ¢â¬â¢t been a strong focus on the positive and negative effects of race and ethnicity, the conversationRead MoreRacial Identity Development Theory By Janet Helms Essay1495 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesRacial Identity Development Theory In order to fully understand the realities of the African American students in the present study, an exploration into racial identity development theory must be explored in order to shed light on how the participants make sense of themselves and their relationships with others. Racial identity and racial identity development theory are defined by Janet Helms (1990) as a sense of group or collective identity based on one s perception that he or she shares a commonRead MoreAnalysis Of Jim Crow s Counterculture1468 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesÃ¢â¬Å"Jim Crow`s CountercultureÃ¢â¬ is developed around the issues of racial discrimination, and development of music as a reaction to employment activism. Through the book development of blues music is understood as detailed journey taken by African Americans and motivated by social factors. Its thematic concepts are built around a musical biography. The author has an interest in blues music genre, and its development relationship with blacks and whites communities. He adopted a critical approach towards
Thursday, December 12, 2019
This paper discusses reasons why firms may find it advantageous to merge and consequences of merger activity. This paper investigates and explains why firms find it advantageous to merge, and also provides the consequences of merger activity. A definition and types of mergers are discussed along merger motives and there disadvantages. The author provides examples of different companies in different industries throughout the paper to support the arguments. From the Paper: In order to discuss why firms find it beneficial to merge, as well as looking at the potential consequences, it must be understood what the term merger means along with the different types in existence. The term merger is loosely used to indicate any combination of two companies. However a more detailed definition would be that a merger allows the assets and liabilities of the selling company to be transferred to and absorbed by the buying corporation. Mergers are a significant part of corporate strategy. We will write a custom essay sample on Merger Activity or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Merger Activity free essay sample This paper investigates and explains why firms find it advantageous to merge, and also provides the consequences of merger activity. The author defines types of mergers and discusses them as related to merger motives and their disadvantages. Examples of different companies in different industries are provided throughout the paper to support the arguments.In order to discuss why firms find it beneficial to merge, as well as looking at the potential consequences, it must be understood what the term merger means along with the different types in existence. The term merger is loosely used to indicate any combination of two companies. However a more detailed definition would be that a merger allows the assets and liabilities of the selling company to be transferred to and absorbed by the buying corporation. Mergers are a significant part of corporate strategy.
Wednesday, December 4, 2019
The Farcical Elements in Taming of the Shrew Essay THE FARCICAL ELEMENTS IN SHAKESPEARES THE TAMING OF THE SHREWA long time ago, a drunken man fell asleep outside an alehouse. This man, Christopher Sly, was discovered by a mischievous lord who took him into his home. The witty lord then convinced Sly that he was a lord, as well. The lord then put on a play for him. The play, The Taming of the Shrew, was about the two young daughters of Baptista. The youngest daughter, Bianca, wished to wed but her father, Baptista, would not allow this until his eldest daughter, Katherina, was married. Under normal circumstances, it would be easy to find a husband for Katherina with all her beauty, but all her beauty was covered by her shrewd personality. By this time Biancas suitors were growing very impatient, so they decide to team up and find a husband for Katherina. In jest they mentioned their plan to a friend, Petruchio, who surprisingly agreed to marry Katherina. All her beauty and wealth were enough for him. Katherina reluctantly was wed to Petruchio and she was taken to his home to be tamed. With Katherina out of the way, Bianca was now allowed to marry Lucentio, who offered her father the highest dowry for her. In the final scenes of the play, Katherina proves that she is tamed by winning an obedience contest at a dinner party. Katherina is now even more in accordance with her wifely duties than Bianca. A fare is a type of comedy based on a ridiculous situation. The Taming of the Shrew, an eminent example of a farce, is the first of three farces written by Shakespeare. In Shakespeares The Taming of the Shrew the elements of farce are exemplified in terms of character, plot, and writing style. The stereotyped characters in The Taming of the Shrew are typical of a farce. Katherina is an outstanding example of a farcical character. Katherina, although stereotyped as a boisterous shrew, can be portrayed as a person needing sympathy due to Baptistas favoritism. The quote, She is your treasure, she must have a husband: I must dance barefoot on her wedding day (A. II S. 1 L. 36-37), makes it obvious that Baptista favors Bianca. In terms of plot, Shakespeare devises the plot to resemble a situation comedy. Although the subplot is more romantic, both the subplot and the main plot revolve around the principle of a favoristic father who is outwitted by his child and her lover. The representative characters, the gullible suitor accompanied by the cunning servant, add comic relief to the not so humorous subplot. In terms of writing style, Shakespeare uses three main comical means to produce his humorous effects. Katherinas statements and Petruchios replies show verbal humor. I knew you at the first you were a moveable Why, whats a moveable? A joint stool. Thou hast hit it; come sit on me. (A. II S. 1 L. 218 221) Petruchios odd behaviors when disgusted by his meal shows the use of action comedy. The comedy of physical appearance is exemplified when Petruchio arrives at his wedding hours late and foolishly dressed. These three literary elements prove that Shakespeares The Taming of the Shrew is a farce. In conclusion, farcical elements in The Taming of the Shrew are exemplified through Shakespeares characters, plot, and writing style. Through the literary elements, the crude physical actions by the characters, and the slapstick humor the classification of the play as a farce would be correct. Bibliography: