Thursday, February 28, 2019

Some People Believe That If Children’s Leisure Activities Are Not Educational

How children should utilize their leisure date is an issue which is discussed these days among people, most believe that the activities should be educational small-arm others leap out giving children immunity to choose. Some teachers and parents live strong opinions about educational activities in childhood. They advise their children to keep studying or get eng get along withd in educational activities. Since childhood is the best time for learning they regard it as gilt days for learning.Recent surveys among children between age of 3-8 has shown that those who had educational programs in their reconcile time were much successful in next levels of studying. though it may be hard for children at first ,it makes them to scram a way for telltale(a) their hidden talents. Children may not be aware of the result at first but as time goes by they will find it most useful method for finding their way of interest agree to Doctor Bahramis speech in Tehran university.On the contra ry,some others encourage their children to play more and enjoy their moments with their friends or toys around them. By their allowance children by themselves retain liberty to choose activities of their interest in leisure time. Children have an opportunity to fractureicipate in group works and communicate with their same age children. Group activities even playing with same age children put them in a smallest society groups which can lead them to act better in future roles.In myy point of view, letting children to enjoy their childhood by their parents support is the best way to treat these god given beauties. Childhood is the sweetest part of life any one can experience. Creative minds grow while there is no obligation or pressure from an outer person. when children have time to draw paint or make things their talents would appear in their own way of interest. According to psychologist most of creative minds have free childhood without any obligation from their parents side.In this period(childhood)children have time to play,run and do some sports that will help them to keep fit mentally and physically. Running leap playing keeps their body fresh and healthy and also keeps their body fit. Studies with recent years shows the increasing rate of obesity among children which is caused by new-fangled life. Think about the way u wanted to spend your childhood. nonexistence wanted to have childhood with so many educational extracurricular activities. Give your children chance to get rid of this logical acts we suppose them to do.

History of Plato Essay

Plato was born around the year 428 BCE into an established Athenian household with a rich history of policy-making connections including distant relations to both Solon and Pisistratus. Platos p bents were Ariston and Perict nonpareil, his older br otherwises were Adeimantus and Glaucon, and his younger sister was Potone. In keeping with his family heritage, Plato was destined for the political life. But the Peloponnesian War, which began a couple of years before he was born and keep until well subsequently he was twenty, lead to the decline of the Athenian Empire.The fightfare was followed by a rabid conservative religious movement that lead to the work of Platos mentor, Socrates. Together these events forever altered the course of Platos life. The biographical tradition is unanimous in its observation that Plato engaged in many forms of poetry as a young man, only subsequent turning to philosophy. Aristotle tells us that sometime during Platos y offh the philosopher-to-b e became acquainted with the doctrines of Cratylus, a student of Heraclitus, who, along with other Presocratic opineers such as Pythagoras and Parmenides, provided Plato with the foundations of his metaphysics and epistemology.Upon group meeting Socrates, however, Plato directed his inquiries toward the question of virtue. The formation of a noble character was to be before all else. Indeed, it is a mark of Platos brilliance that he was to find in metaphysics and epistemology a host of moral and political implications. How we think and what we take to be real have an important role in how we act. Thus, Plato came to believe that a philosophical comportment toward life would lead one to being just and, ultimately, happy.It is difficult to determine the precise chain of events that led Plato to the intricate web of beliefs that unify metaphysics, epistemology, ethics and politics into a undivided inquiry. We can be certain, however, that the establishment of a government by Sparta ( aft(prenominal) the bedlam of Athens final defeat in 404), and the events that followed, dramatically affected the focussing of his thinking. Following the turmoil of the war, a short eight month oligarchical tyranny hold upn as the xxx Tyrants governed Athens.Two of Platos relatives, Critias (his takes uncle) and Charmides (his mothers brother) vie roles in this regime. Critias was identified as one of the much extreme members and chief advocate of the government, while Charmides played a smaller role as one of the Eleven, a usance/police force which oversaw the Piraeus. The oligarchy made a practice of confiscating the estates of wealthy Athenians and resident aliens and of putting many individuals to death. In an effort to implicate Socrates in their actions, the Thirty ordered him to arrest Leon of Salamis.Socrates, however, resisted and was spared punishment only because a civil war eventually replaced the Thirty with a new and nigh radical democracy. A general amne sty, the first in history, was issued absolving those who participated in the reign of terror and other crimes committed during the war. But because many of Socrates associates were involved with the Thirty, public sentiment had moody against him, and he now had the reputation of being profoundly anti-democratic.In what appears to be a matter of guilt-by-association, a general prejudice was ultimately responsible for(p) for bringing Socrates to trial in 399 on the charges of corrupting the y let onh, introducing new gods into the city, atheism, and lovable in unusual religious practices. During his trial, which is documented in Platos Apology, Socrates explained that he had no interest to engage in politics, because a certain providential sign told him that he was to foster a just and noble life-style within the young men of Athens. This he did in casual conversations with whomever he happened to meet on the streets.When Socrates told the royal court that if set free, he would not divulge this practice, claiming that he must follow the voice of his god over the dictates of the state, the court found him guilty (though by a narrow margin), and he was penalize one month later. This final sequence of events must have weighed heavy on Plato, who then turned away from politics, somewhat jaded by the unjust behavior of the Thirty, disappointed by the follies of the democracy, and forever affected by the execution of Socrates.At this point Plato left Attica with other friends of Socrates and spent the contiguous twelve years in travel and study. During this period, he sought discover the philosophers of his day. He met with the wise-men, priests, and prophets of many different lands, and he apparently studied not only philosophy but geometry, geology, astronomy, and religious matters. His exact itinerary is not known, but the earliest accounts report that Plato left Athens with Euclides and went to Megara from w present he went to overthrow Theodorus in C yrene. From there he went to Italy to study with the Pythagoreans (including Philolaus and Echecrates mentioned in the Phaedo), and then after Italy he went to Egypt.Whether or not Plato began to write philosophical dialogues prior to Socrates execution is a matter of debate. But most scholars agree that shortly after 399 Plato began to write extensively. Although the order in which his dialogues were create verbally is a matter of operose debate, there is some consensus about how the Platonic corpus evolved. This consensus divides Platos books into three broad groups. The first group, generally known as the Socratic dialogues, was probably written between the years 399 and 387.These texts are called Socratic because here Plato appears to remain relatively close to what the historical Socrates advocated and taught. One of these, the Apology, was probably written shortly after the death of Socrates. The Crito, Laches, Lysis, Charmides, Euthyphro, Hippias Minor and Major, Protagora s, Gorgias and Ion, were probably written throughout this twelve year period as well, some of them, like the Protagoras and Gorgias, most likely at its end. Plato was forty the first time he visited Italy.in short thereafter, he returned to Athens and founded the academy, located nearly a mile outside(a) the city walls and named after the Attic hero Academus. The Academy included a nice grove of trees, gardens, a gymnasium and many shrines including one apply to Athena herself, the goddess of the city. Plato created his own cult association, setting aside a bunch of the Academy for his purposes and dedicating his cult to the Muses. Soon this school became rather well-known on account of its common meals and sympotic lifestyle, modified, of course, to suit a new agenda.Indeed, Platos Academy was famed for its moderate eating and talk as well as all the appropriate sacrifices and religious observances. Overshadowing all of that was, of course, its philosophical activity. It seems that over the adjoining twenty six years Platos philosophical speculation became more profound and his dramatic talents more refined. During this period, what is sometimes called Platos middle or transitional period, Plato could have written the Meno, Euthydemus, Menexenus, Cratylus, Republic, Phaedrus, Symposium and Phaedo.These texts differ from the earlier in that they move toward the grand metaphysical speculation that provides us with many hallmarks of Platonism, such as the method of hypothesis, the recollection theory and, of course, the theory of ideas, or forms, as they are sometimes called. In 367 Dionysus of Syracuse died, leaving his son as the compulsory ruler of a growing empire. Dion, his uncle and guardian, persuaded young Dionysus II to send for Plato, who was to do as his personal tutor. Upon arriving, Plato found the situation unfavorable for philosophy, though he attempted to teach the young ruler anyway.In 365, Syracuse entered into war, and Plato returned to Athens. (Around the analogous time, Platos most famous pupil, Aristotle, entered the Academy. ) In 361, Dion wrote Plato begging him to return. Reluctantly, Plato did so, setting out on his third and final voyage to Italy. But the situation had deteriorated beyond hope. Plato was soon spirited out of Syracuse from where he went back to Athens. We know little of the remaining thirteen years in Platos life. in all likelihood sick of his wanderings and misfortunes in Sicily, Plato returned to the philosophical life of the Academy and, most likely, lived out his days conversing and writing.During this period, Plato could have written the so-called later dialogues, the Parmenides, Theatetus, Sophist, Statesman, Timaeus, Critias, Philebus and Laws, in which Socrates plays a relatively minor role and the metaphysical speculation of the middle dialogues is meticulously scrutinized. Plato died in 347, leaving the Academy to Speusippus, his sisters son. The Academy served as the model fo r institutions of higher learning until it was closed by the Emperor Justinian in 529 CE, almost one thousand years later.

Wednesday, February 27, 2019

Abercrombie and Fitch – Essay

. Abercrombie and fitch Researched a. Brands & Corporate Image Abercrombie & wood pussy Rooted in East Coast traditions and Ivy League heritage, Abercrombie & Fitch is the essence of countenance and casual luxury. The Adirondacks supply a clean and rugged inspiration to this brand- radical All-American modus vivendi. A combination of classic and sexy creates a charged melodic declivity that is confident and just a bit provocative. Idolized and respected, Abercrombie & Fitch is unceasing and everlastingly cool. Hollister Hollister is the fantasy of S surfacehern calcium. It is the feeling of chilling on the shore with your friends.Young, spirited, and with a sense of humor, Hollister never takes itself too seriously. The laidback lifestyle and wholesome take to combine to give Hollister an energy thats effortlessly cool. Hollister brings Southern California to the world. Gilly Hicks. Gilly Hicks is the cheeky cousin of Abercrombie & Fitch. Inspired by the free spirit of Sy dney, Australia, Gilly Hicks makes guileful Push Em Up bras and Down Undies for the young, by nature beautiful and always confident girl flirty and c befree, with a little tomboy sexiness. Gilly Hicks is the All-American cross out with a Sydney sensibility. a.Sales On the next page is a Chart that has sates Abercrombie and Fitch gross sales for fiscal yrs 2007-2011 Abercrombie and Fitch has stated the objective of increase their in operation(p) tolerance back to historical levels of around 15% by monetary 2012. They created a roadmap that outlines the factors they need to be aw are of in order to make this goal. 1. )Originally intended to increase gross margin to 67% by 2012 overdue to sourcing costs they no longer believe this to be possible. By increasing the ticket price on items and hoping that global suppuration continues, they hope to number one the costs.Though they worry that the increase in price may affect sales, they do not intend to sacrifice quality to ac hieve their gross margin goal. 2. )Improve average domestic gunstock quality by increasing butt in sales growth and closing underperforming stores. They expect at least 7% increase in sales store growth for 2011 and 2012. They expect to occlude 50 stores at the end of 2011. 3. )Achieve significantly profitable international growth by opening up to 40 international mall-based Hollister stores, including the first stores in mainland China & Hong Kong. 4. Sustain whole growth rates in direct-to-consumer affair from multiple investments they are making in the business and from their growing international presence. 5. ) Improve the productivity of the Gilly Hicks brand by expanding the store count for the brand and having a path to profitability. 6. )Maintain tight control over expenses and reassureking greater efficiencies, an example of which is their plan to consolidate is expected to be completed by mid-2012 and is expected to facilitate the sale of the second distribution cent er and issue in reduced operational costs. . )During Fiscal 2011, based on new store opening plans and other capital expenditures, Abercrombie expects total capital expenditures to be approximately $300 million to $350 million, with the upper end of the range be subject to Abercrombie achieving the laid-backer end of its range of potential new store openings. b. Product Mix Abercrombie and Fitch has a wide variety of products in all of their stores. Some of the items are apparel, outerwear, fragrance, jewelry, swimwear, and lingerie (A&F and Gilly Hicks).They specialize in product categories such as, knit and woven shirts, graphic t-shirts, fleece, jeans and woven pants. The price system that Abercrombie and Fitch has a rather simple pricing strategy in comparison to many an(prenominal) other specialty retailers. By staying up of the curve with fashion trends, Abercrombie has granted themselves the ability to price their products at a premium without a drop in demand from cons umers. Their goal is to breathe in consumers to strive for the Abercrombie & Fitch lifestyle. Sales Associates are cast as Models to expand the execution of the Abercrombie Lifestyle in stores. There is not a strong pore on selling/service model in stores. They focus much on visual merchandising and associate appearance than in selling structure, and behaviors. c. Target Market The Target market for Abercrombie and Fitch is 18-22 year old high school/college students. Thy typically have an active lifestyle that involves locations such as the beach, woods, or mountains. Tbe customer usually has a modal(a) to high income.Gilly Hicks is only for women. Hollister Co. is a chain targeted at boys and girls in high school, based in California. Abercrombie Kids is targeted to boys and girls ages 7-14. The Psychographic Segmentation is a very important explode of Abercrombie and Fitchs marketing as well. The feel of the store is something that Abercrombie and Fitch focuses on. It is a fun-loving, care free, sexy, and independent. d. Opportunities and Risks Like all other corporation and company, Abercrombie and Fitch has its opportunities and its risks.One opportunity would be market share leadership, expanding international presence. Also, new store openings would enhance top-line. Lastly, online retail sales have taken off. friendly media is also growing and the growth is an opportunity for Abercrombie and Fitch to be more involved in it. A big risk that Abercrombie and Fitch faces and approximately all retail companies is economic recession would decrease sales. Also, dependence on third party manufacturers is a big risk. The price of raw materials and commodity prices rising is also a big risk. . Past Campaigns Abercrombie and Fitchs clothing is racy and casual at the same time, leaving many wondering what exactly phrases, such as Flirt like crazy, stimulate up sandy, on many of their simple cotton t-shirts are insinuating. Abercrombies marketing campaig n rivals, if no surpasses, the sexiness of its clothing line by using photos of barely-clothed young men and women to sell its merchandise. Their advertise becomes sexier with every year, as more and more models in their advertisements wear less clothing.Every quarter, Abercrombie puts out for sale a magazine called the A&F Quarterly, which has over the eld become so scandalous that it is now necessary to be 18 years of age in order to leveraging . With many pictures of bare-breasted girls and young men, it is considered by many to qualify as soft pornography. Employees of Abercrombie are also used as part of their selling strategy. On the sales floor, employees must be wearing an outfit comprised of current Abercrombie and Fitch stock, and its not a coincidence that all employees are thin and naturally good-looking.Despite having what many people might call an offensive marketing and advertising campaign, every weekend, Abercrombie and Fitch stores are filled with kids and youn g adults waiting for binding rooms and checkout services in obscenely long lines to purchase even more of their clothing. Long lines and over-crowded stores are a small price to pay for many kids trying to look cool by what they see in Abercrombie and Fitch stores and its advertising. C. Proposals for Advertising campaign 2012

Albatross Anchor Proposal

Introduction performancees and technologies have m solely variables planning, analysis, designing and innovations. mollymawk groundperson needs to become to a greater extent efficient with the opport unities and challenges in its operating environment. millstone operating system must be capable of producing quality merchandises (anchors) that argon n demand within a time frame that is unexceptionable to the assiduity. Question One Based on the breeding presented in the scenario/ display case study discuss mollymawk fastens competitiveness in relation to (please address all items in the below list and tolerate support for your conclusions) 1.Cost a) Cost or Production The first do white plague that needs to be addressed is how much of the fabricating of the anchors could be outsourced? albatross, a vertically integrated company has an antiquated and technology-deprived ground as well as non-compliant on safety and environmental issues. The factors that finish serve o utsourcing desirable to mollymawk linchpins are quality and f number. Quality, which is standardization of parts, supplier certification, and supplier involvement in design arse meliorate the quality of supplied parts. (www. allbusiness. om) Speed of the supplier can produce the components quicker, with adaptability, flexibility and reliability consequently this is a time benefit for outsourcing. millstone Anchors is lacking the production capabilities to outturn products in relation to the industry and clients demands. Outsourcing would be a benefit to the production of the customized and specific anchors and a worth(predicate) asset to put into action and still be able to play along the competitive edge. Albatross ability to produce the anchors on a larger scale with fewer, little expensive greets needs to be follow throughed. technology, vary trained employees and book purchasing are factors that contribute to the economic scale. An investing in specific techn ological production techniques would give Albatross more of a competitive advantage over other anchor companies. change magnitude production efficiency would allow Albatross to reduce the companys expenses. Reduced expenses means more cash to spend on running(a) expansion. Experienced and a specialized skilled crowd force would improve Albatross Anchor because the ore skilled lastforce the more capable workers would be to complete complex tasks. Albatross could hire more skilled labor force to reduce the workforce for their competitors. The advantage of a more exceedingly skilled workforce is to improve the economies of scales because they could produce more anchors in less time. b) Economies of Scale The ability to grow and expand would maven Albatross to purchase significants in bulk. Bulk purchasing would allow Albatross Anchor to benefit from a reduced average cost per unit. Economies of scale refers to the decreased per unit cost as output increases. More clearly, the initial investment of crown is diffused (spread) over an increasing turning of units of output, and therefore, the marginal cost of producing a good or service decreases as production increases. ) (www. uslaw. com) c) Cost of affectionate Materials posing Idle in the Warehouse d) Cost of Finished Goods Sitting Idle in the Warehouse To stay competitive, Albatross needs to implement the Just-in-time lineage control system.This system identifies that a finished product should be produced meet in time for delivery and the raw poppycocks should be delivered just in time for production. (www. referenceforbusiness. com) The Just-in-time system is used so materials and goods never stick idle for extended periods of time. If products or materials sit for long periods of time in warehouses, Albatross is wasting money and valuable space. register management is some other key factor for the winner of Albatross Anchors. If Albatross wants to maintain an effectual inventory of their m aterials, regular maintenance needs to be a priority.Inventory maintenance on a regular basis needs to 1) limited review all transportation alternatives and how this affects inventory and warehouse issues, 2) do periodic reviews of inventory, in particular raw materials and finished products to en accredited that customers sound outs are filled in a timely fashion and 3) establish a review system for managing inventory to ensure that obsolete materials are disposed of properly. Success of Albatross Anchors depends on a successful inventory management system. 2. Speed of manufacturing exhibit from order to finished product.Albatross manufacturing speed needs to be improved in order to stay competitive in the industry. Albatross Anchors would benefit from the use of a computerized production scheduler, this scheduler creates schedules for the production down to the very second. Using flowcharts as well as a computer-based scheduler will take the guess work out of production and in crease speed so to improve the lead time, reduce inventories, satisfy customers and still stay competitive. 3. Flexibility in filling order(s)Implementing a flexible manufacturing system would enhance and increase the speed of fulfilling the anchor orders of Albatross. The ability to easily make changes in the production of anchors would be a major strength for flexibility in volume and product. The manufacturing flexibility has triple components 1) the flexibility to produce varieties of different sizes of anchors by using the resembling machines and producing the same anchors on different machines, 2) the ability to produce new sizes of anchors on the exist machines and 3) using the flexibility of the current machines to design changes in the anchors.The present time, Albatross has dedicated machinery which lacks flexibility. Utilizing an FMS would produce benefit as less waste, quicker instrumental role change, better control of quality, efficient uses of machinery and labor force, reduction in inventory, hurrying shipping and receiving as well as reduction in expenses. 4. Technology Technology in manufacturing operations is a vital part of the success of Albatross Anchors. Implementing automated and flexible manufacturing systems can aid the company to make collaborative decisions about the production of specific and different anchors.Applying current process, manufacturing, product and information technologies will benefit Albatross to supply employees, suppliers and customers with the best output for their marine craft, whether large or small. 5. Capacity and facilities The current facility layout for Albatross is inefficient for several reasons. The current flows of work, materials, receiving/shipping are not classify together. Albatross can reduce manufacturing costs and improve profitability by improving the plant layout.Product layout would be the just about beneficial for Albatross Anchors. This type of layout is an assembly line and workers have their stations with tools, materials to complete the manufacturing process for the anchors. Once the anchors have been manufactured, shipping them to a warehouse for storage is the most effective way. Product layout has a sequential arrangement of manufacturing processes, a free burning mass production and assembly, special equipment, a determined path for material handling, balance for scheduling and efficiency.Implementing the product layout for Albatross will 1) minimize material movement, 2) minimize the cost of handling materials, 3) provide work flow in an orderly and efficient manner sui dodge for the repetitive operations of manufacturing anchors. 6. table service to customers (what types of services would an anchor company provide to marine wholesalers? In any organization, service that is provided to customers must be held at a high standard. extraordinary service will generate a return of customer and profitability. run that a marine wholesaler would look for wo uld be databases for products and producers, on-time delivery, cost effective and efficient supply solutions as well as understanding customers requirements. Technical expertise, alliances with strategic partners, logistics, supply chain management and specialized outsourcing provides strength to customer base. (www. anchormarinesupplies. com) Question Two There are many ways that mushroom/bell anchors may be manufactured.Albatross Anchor is considering two new manufacturing processes (Process A and Process B) to reduce costs. Analysis of the information below will help determine which process has the lowest breakeven site (this validates the process is more cost effective). For each process the following unyielding costs and variable costs are identified below Anchor and Process Process A Process B Sale determine per anchor $ 42. 0 $ 42. 00 Total Fixed cost $ 650,000. 00 $950,000. 00 Variable cost per anchor $ 36. 00 $ 29. 99 Based on the information in the table above complete the table below Anchor and Process Process A Process B (a) Fixed costs per anchor 3,900,000 11,409,500 (b) The gist number of anchors to attain 108,334 79,101 breakeven point for Process A and Process B c) Based on your calculations which Process (A or B) that you would root on for adoption (you can select only one). Please make sure to explain how you arrived at your conclusion. I would recommend Process A for Albatross Anchors. The fixed costs per anchor are lower than the total fixed costs which would generate a profit for the company but, the number of anchors to manufacturer is greater. Producing a larger number of anchors is a benefit when Albatross purchases bulk materials for process A.If Albatross can produce a large number of anchors on a monthly basis with lower production expenses then the company will turn a profit. Process A has the factors that all management supervisors want, low costs with a high number of products climax off of the production floo r. Conclusion Albatross Anchors has the abilities to mass produce anchors for small, medium and large marine vessels. Albatross Anchors is a company that began in 1976 and has fully grown rapidly.In order for the company to make a large profit, the plant needs to be updated with technology, expand the production of the anchors and be a more friendly manufacturing environment. Providing exceptional service to customers, updating the facility, technology, flexibility with fulfillment of orders, speed of the manufacturing process, cost of production and materials as well as utilizing inventory, Albatross can become competitive once again.Through enhancing the manufacturing processes, Albatross Anchors will be the leader in the manufacturing of anchors in the future. References Evans, J. (2005). Total Quality Management, Organization, and Strategy, (4th Ed. ). Thomson, South-Western. Wilson, Dennis R (2004, environ 22). Outsourcing Production and Jobs Cost and benefits.. Retrieved Ma y 10, 2011, from http//www. allbusiness. com www. uslaw. com www. anchormarinesupplies. com www. referenceforbusiness. com

Tuesday, February 26, 2019

Facts and Inferences

F&I Page 1 Facts & Inferences Richard Melton 2/01/13 Fundamentals of Interpersonal communications 97 Zelda Togun F&I Page 2 Facts & InferencesIt was a veridical eye opener to see how much people make inferences when they arent sure what the real facts are. I noticed that even though I was taking notes and looking for inferences I am guilty of making them myself. For example, my lift out friends husband is at home all the time and they struggle to apply their bills. My friend is always asking me to loan her money. I was talking to my infant close to it and I told her I thought my friends husband was lazy and shouldnt be relying on her to take care of him.My sister agreed and we left field it at that. Later on that day my best friend called me and asked if I could help her till next payday. I said sure and asked her wherefore her husband isnt working. She told me he has bipolar disorder and cant hold a job, he has tried numerous times exactly has difficulty concentrating. The y were in the middle of applying for S. S. I and that it was a long pull out process. He is very ashamed of it and thats why nada get bys about it.I should of thought it through when I was talking to my sister in front I made the inference that he was lazy. Now that I know the truth I feel really bad for talking about him that way. F&I Page 3 References Wood, Julia T. (2010). Interpersonal Communication-7th Edition. Boston, MA. Wadsworth Cengage Learning.

Entertainment History Essay

Within this essay it describes the best-selling(predicate) and most green reputement in Britain, from radio receiver to the movies, in the beginning of the 1930s. It reveals key device characteristic of amusement in the early 1930s, for instance how it started, what were their intentions and what they involved. The radio plays a capacious amount in our lives thats why when it first began it was a phenomenon for the semipublic and became a prominent success for the nation. It was formed on 18th October 1922, by a group of leading wireless manufactures.Its founder, John Reith, believed that the BBC should educate, inform and entertain the public, he states this when he says Broadcasting should bring on the whole that is best in both department of human knowledge, endeavour and achievement. Reith enforced many an(prenominal) regulations for instance rude jokes were not allowed he banned light sport on Sun daytimes and presenters had to speak properly so accents or dialects were not allowed. He felt that the BBC should provide popular programmes, all the same he also cute BBC to be educational and enlightening experience. Which the BBC accomplished, it broadcast all over the U.K and was able to entertain and inform those in their own home, which brought families unitedly. though the radio had its rivals such as newspapers, and magazines it managed to overcome this by reaching out to all causas of the public for example male, female, all sectiones, the educated and the illiterate. It became even more popular when the new wireless sets were invented this was a great delight to all homes in Britain, it was precise accessible in letting families enjoy listening to the radio. As well as putting across the news around the valet de chambre the BBC also aired other kinds of interest such as leaping melody and comedy.This was a great improvement for singers and band leaders because it do them a vast amount of recognitions by the public because it caus ed their sales of their records to attach hugely. Band leaders such as Jack Payne and Henry third house were very popular also common programs for example Bandwagon went unmissed. As a result, radio was a family orientated source of entertainment and became a dash of spending the night in, whilst enjoying yourself, rather than spending your night out. Another big source of entertainment was the cinema. Just as the radio allowed families coming to experienceher the so did the cinema, though it was more a family outing.The film industry grew rapidly, however at first the British film industry couldnt compete with the the Statesn film industry. It wasnt as technically advanced as the American films and the British public preferred to watch more films from America which didnt created a bigger obstacle for the British film industry. whence in 1927 the government passed an act ensuring that at least 5% of the ingrained number of films should be shown in cinemas had to be British. An d during that year sound movies was introduced this was a set back for the British film industry economically the smooth movies were no match to the talkies.Such film like The Jazz vocalist starring Al Jolson was the first sound movie to be shown though the first ten minutes of the film really had sound. Sound became a sensation plurality were able to engage in the films for low prices. This was a way of bringing many forms of relationships together such as, couples, friends and families. It was seen as a safe, comfortable and relaxing environment for everyone to enjoy an evening and because one ticket could be used for the whole day, people could spend the entire day in the cinema.Also Tennis became very popular, tennis clubs emerged increasingly and tennis courts were built in public parks by the local council. Though tennis was very popular it was quite expensive therefore it in the main attracted the middle and the upper class. Also because of its uniform it generally appea ls to women, there dresses were shorter and assignable as a result women could play much more comfortably. play was a further type of entertainment that attracted the middle and upper class. This was an exceedingly popular mutant, it grabbed a lot of attention especially the men.Matches were filled with people mostly the men. And the success of Don Bradman, who was the one who sailed done nearly every match, initiated cricket hitting headlines. Football was a tremendously popular sport that was also male dominated, however it generally drew the attention of the operatives class. Because this was a new sport, and the prices were very cheap crowds of 50,000 to 60,000 attended the first course of instruction matches. It was so crowded people were literally on the field, although during the early 1930s, since this was a fresh new sport the men werent as hoodlum and uncontrollable as the men are today.Even football game pools were produced, this suggests the popularity of footb all and how the people of the 1930s were influenced by this sport. In contrast to these sports grey heel racing was very popular as well though it werent as affirmatory as the others. It attracted the working class and made them spend money to get money, although it didnt work like that for the majority of people it increased sport dept and led to addiction. The unemployed gambled as much as the working class but just spent less money, all of this reflected the fact of entertainment rising in the early 1930s.Music halls were an additional strong type of entertainment in the early 1930s, however as grey hound racing was a negative type of sport so was medicament halls. It was where a selection of entertainment was staged in a bigger hall with tables at which drinks were served. It presented a variety of entertainment involving a salmagundi of popular songs, performing animals, acrobats, male/female impersonators, and comedians. It also assists in many acts becoming popular such as Flanagan and Allen, Gracie Fields, Max Miller, and George Formby.The halls mostly attracted the working class because of its cheap prices it was a place to socialize and the availability of inebriant was one of the melody halls attractions. People really came to medicine halls to unwind and have a lively time. and so, because the hall encouraged well-grounded drinking among both men and women, it didnt appeal to families seeing as it wasnt a place for children. Music halls went into a gradual subside after the introduction of talking films, Jazz, Swing, Big Band dance music and cinema. Its restriction on the range of audience, which limited their customers, was another savvy of their failure.Musicals were similar to the music halls as they were both centered on music and performances however because of the two different audiences it was incredibly different as well. Because of it sophistication musicals mainly attracted the middle and upper classes, the result of this mean t that there was no competition. Therefore they carried on being successful. To conclude entertainment was a break through in allowing people to overcome to effects of the depression. Therefore it gave a rescind to the upcoming of entertainment and how it affects our lives today.

Monday, February 25, 2019

Planning an Expedition to Antarctica

Pg 2 Pg 2 We as a group up up pass on be investigating the effectuate global warming is having on the Antarctic lendscape, we leave alone also look at the effects that the tack in the Antarctic landscape is having on new(prenominal) factors such(prenominal) as the distribution of animals. To look at the reassign we exit look at the rate of contraction of the land, the rate of water ice break up, the rate of which a lake is created, the flow rate of Moulins, the rate of sea direct increase.As tumesce as this we lead fork out to de frontierine how the reduction of white land mass entrust encourage global warming and at what rate. This leave be hard to do but one of the some techniques we provide employ provide be to take ice cores. We will barpage in Antarctica for 1 year so we do-nothing experience the effects of global warming over the different seasons we will then retrograde to Antarctica in 5 years and c only for the commute in data.To put to frig a roundher safety obligations we father created a fosterage schedule in which the members of the police squad will learn skills contended for the Antarctic expedition as organize as this they will learn beginning(a) aid and what to do if situations pee-pee stunned of hand (situations such as severe weather, come downs, hundred storms, or separation of the group) they will also on a lower floorgo rigorous testing and mental assessment to make sure they will be suited to the weather, environment, and leave out(p) of social interaction.This is the training schedule it will span over 2 years and will allow them to begin to experience what it will be like in Antarctica. They will go to the training place per calendar month for 1-2 weeks. Date Place Training January 13 Snowdonia squad up Bonding, Scrambling, Walking February 13 Scotland pass skills Proficiency*, walking, ice lift knock against 13 Lake rule Winter Skills Progression*, walking, rock climbing April 13 Scotl and Winter bunch days, avalanche aw arness, graded risque shipway May 13 Peak District rock candy climbing, navigationJune 13 Snowdonia shake up climbing, abseiling July 13 Swiss Alps 2 weeks, alpine mountaineering, crevasse rescue, avalanche, glacier crossing August 13 Peak District Rock climbing, navigation, primary aid September 13 Lake District Rock climbing, navigation, low aid October 13 northeasterly Wales Rock climbing, avigation, first aid November 13 North Wales VHF*, competent crew (sailing), marine engine darn December 13 Scotland Winter skills, skiing, mountain days, ice climbing January 14 Scotland Winter skills, skiing, mountain days, mixed terrain February 14 Scotland Winter skills, skiing, Pulk Training (pullka)* March 14 Nor counselling 2 weeks, ski touring, mountaineering April 14 Lake District Winter skills, walking, fitness, rock climbing abseiling May 14 Wye Valley Rock climbingJune 14 North Wales Alpine skills training and Psycho recordical assessment July 14 Alps 2 weeks, alpine mountaineering, crevasse rescue, avalanche, glacier crossing September 14 North Wales Communications training and Equipment checks October 14 Devon Advanced small boat training November 14 Alps jaunt Rehearsal, nett practice of all skills and checking of apiece persons specific role/job. *Winter skills proficiency-these ar things such as skiing, ice climbing, navigation etc. Winter skills progression- this is a get across notwithstandinging skill and knowledge in winter skills proficiency ( discern above for further details) *VHF- very eminent frequency during this training they will be taught how to utilization radios in extreme conditions *Pulk Training (pullka)- is training the company in the enforce of the Scandinavian pullka a short, low-slung small toboggan employ in for transport, pulled by a dog or a skier. Pg 3 Pg 3 We provoke decided to include marine training in case they ar caught in a situation which requires small boats or s hips as the authority to evacuate the ara.As rise up as this we understand that we have to play along strict use uplines during our visit to Antarctica but as these guidelines be many we have only been able to count a few to show we richly understand the responsibility we have to the environment. Article II Freedom of scientific investigation in Antarctica and cooperation toward that end, as applied during the International Geophysical Year, shall continue, feat to the provisions of the present Treaty. Article IIIIn order to march on international cooperation in scientific investigation in Antarctica, as provided for in Article II of the present Treaty, the Contracting Parties agree that, to the greatest effect feasible and practicable -a. information regarding plans for scientific programs in Antarctica shall be change to permit maximum economy of and efficiency of operations -b. scientific force shall be exchanged in Antarctica between expeditions and stations -c. sc ientific observations and results from Antarctica shall be exchanged and made freely available.thither will be iii team ups positioned at different spots in the Antarctic. This means that the results we get will be varied and will cover much sphere this way we can look at the effects over a enormous atomic number 18a and calculate if global warming is bear upon different beas at different rates or different ways. Each team will be made up of the analogous type of people (for lesson all(prenominal)(prenominal) team would have a photographer). Each team will consist of 9 people, a team leader, a navigator, a photographer, an ecologist, a potamologist, an oceanographer, a glaciologist, a meteorologist and a doctor/paramedic.Team 1 Team 2 Team 3 Reason Team Leader/ Expedition Leader Team Leader Team Leader You need the team leader to make sure that everyone is doing what they need to be doing navigator Navigator Navigator You need the navigator to be able to provide the ro ute needed and serve hygienic if the team gets lost as well as this they will be able to mark your position on the map. photographer Photographer Photographer To record the data photographically and to show the change in ice and to create a portfolio of the look for data. Ecologist Ecologist Ecologist To study how the change in landscape and temperature would affect the animals (how they would live and the dispersion of them) Potamologist Potamologists Potamologists To study the rivers, Moulins, lakes to see how global warming is affecting that bea within the landscape. Oceanographer Oceanographer Oceanographer Would study the rise in sea level, the ocean circulation, and the physical and chemical properties of the ocean, geology of the sea. Glaciologist Glaciologist Glaciologist Would study the ice shifts, the rate of ice melting, and how quickly the ice is retreating. Meteorologist Meteorologist Meteorologist Pg 4 Pg 4 The meteorologist would study the precipitation leve ls and how this will affect the landscape will this create more avalanches etc. Doctor/paramedic Doctor/Paramedic Doctor/Paramedic To economic aid anyone suffering from frostbite and other related ailments. As well as this the doctor/paramedic would be in charge of the log book and making sure all the equipment is present. The equipment and kit needed for the Antarctic expedition is numerous so the equipment list is provided after the initial document.The habilitate needed for the Antarctic expedition comes in many classs the first/ source core mould is light clothes the next layer is the mid(prenominal) insularity layer which is light freight and traps bole light up then the final/outer layer is the heavyest layer and is a tough and breathable barrier. Then in that respect ar the accessories such as the gloves, hats, sock and boots. The expedition will gasify from the UK to Santiago and then from Santiago to Ushuaia and will then sail across the Drake Passage from Puer to Williams in Chile, to the Antarctic Peninsula.Departure Arrival Company seizure Price per person Price over all London, Heathrow Santiago, Chile Iberia woodworking plane ? 560 ? 15120 Santiago, Chile Ushuaia, genus Argentina Lan Airplane ? 243. 76 ? 6581. 52 Ushuaia, Argentina Puerto Williams, Chile Boat ? 110 ? 2970 Puerto Williams, Chile Antarctic Peninsula Boat The boat will not be paid for it will be rented and we will use it to travel to the Antarctic Peninsula and to transport the other teams to the other investigate root of operationss. Total Cost ? 913. 76 24671. 52 To be able to go on this expedition we need sponsors to fund it. We will use 6 sponsors. Society/Sponsor Type of Sponsor Reason for Sponsorship Union of concerned Scientists Scientific community-non profitable governing They fund look for and they are concerned about how global warming is and is going to affect the planet European Science Foundation Scientific community-non profitable system The y sponsor 11 different research areas one of the ones is polar science this means that they would do good from this area of science. Secretariat of the Antarctic treaty Scientific community-non profitable organisation The information ga on that pointd during the research would be useful to all the research bases in the Antarctic and to all the countries within the Antarctic treaty. WWF Animal munificence and a non-profitable organisation Although the research we are planning to carry out isnt directly linked to animals if we look at the animal dispersion aspect we could help them showing how global warming is Pg 5 Pg 5 ffecting the landscape and how that in turn is affecting the animals Panasonic A company, profitable organisation They are sponsoring us because of the photography side of the expedition and due to this they are providing us with the photographic equipment. Harris A company, profitable organisation They are a communication company so they are helping us with the beaver transceivers and communicating devices. The route we will take from arriving at the Antarctic Peninsula will differ depending on the team they belong to.The three places that we are staying are in the Antarctic are the Antarctic Peninsula, Queen Maud Land and the Transantarctic area. On the map below it shows the route each team will take. There is a research base here in which team 1 will stay and the other teams for the 1st week and then team one for the rest of the year. interrogation base-Rothera (UK) There is a research base here in which team 1 will stay and the other teams for the 1st week and then team one for the rest of the year. Research base-Rothera (UK)There is a research base here in which team 2. Research base-Novolazarevskaya (Russian) There is a research base here in which team 2. Research base-Novolazarevskaya (Russian) There is a research base which team 3 will stay at. In this area in that respect are only two research stations. Research base- McMurdo (U. S. ) There is a research base which team 3 will stay at. In this area there are only two research stations. Research base- McMurdo (U. S. ) The research could be use both in the near future and in the far future the research we arPg 5 Pg 5 planning to manner in Antarctica could be used to determine how global warming is affecting other places and whether the rate of global warming has increased or lessen and by how much, as well as this from the data we collect we can try to determine how large a threat global warming is for example if ocean circulation is changed by global warming then major(ip) changes in the climate are very likely. So if we could carry out research and find out whether the ocean circulation is changing then we could try to predict the effects.As well as this by repeating the same expedition in 5 years we will firstly get more accurate results and secondly we will be able to see if the levels of global warming within the aforementioned sections have increa sed or decreased and again at what rate. As well as this the research carried out would benefit not just our country but all other countries within the Antarctic treaty and possibly even further afield. Kit list-Clothing Clothing Price Layer type Reason Insulated base layer top ? 20 each Base core These will form the basic layers and will be the thinnest and lightest of all the layers.This will help trap atmospheric state between this primary level and the secondary level forming a good insulator. Insulated base layer trousers Base core douse ? 32. 27 each Mid-Insulation layer These will form the secondary layer and will be just slightly thicker and heavier than the previous layer. A well as they will trap air between the layers providing more insulation Insulator trousers ? 41. 96 each Mid-Insulation layer Polar parka ? 96. 99 each Outer layer These will form the outer layer and will trap air between the secondary and outer layer.These are the thickest and heaviest of all th ree layers this is because they have to be windproof and waterproof Down or Synthetic trousers ? 90. 99 each Outer Layer Light weight gloves ? 4. 99 each Accessories Depending on how cold the area is depends on how many layers of gloves you will need. The lightweight glove liners are the first layer, the lightweight gloves are the second layer and the ski mittens are the outer/final layer. They work on the same principles as the clothes this principle is that they trap air between layers Ski Mittens ? 14. 99 each Accessories Lightweight glove liners ? . 99 Accessories Balaclava ? 20. 00 each Accessories You lose about 10% of your body heat from your head so this is inborn. Under socks ? 7. 99 each Accessories The under socks are used as layers and like the lightweight glove liners are the first layer so they are light and thin. Socks ? 2. 00 each Accessories The socks are thicker and heavier thermal socks so provide more protection against cold, wind and rain. Mukluks ? 155 each Accessories The mukluks are there as snow shoes they are thick soled and thick so it protects the foot from cold, wind and rain. Neck pettifoggery ? 5. 99 each Accessories The neck gaiter or a jack off can be used to protect the neck from cold and traps the body heat Ski glasses ? 50. 00 each Accessories These have to be high UV levels they are there to protect the explorer from snow glare. Equipment list Pg 6 Pg 6 Equipment item Price Type Reason dormancy bag ? 199. 99 each Sleeping This is thick and well insulated so keeps you warm as well as this most of your clothes will be kept in the sleeping bag when you sleep. Closed carrel foam sleeping mat ? . 99 each Sleeping This is there so you are not sleeping straight on the snow and stops some of the cold from coming as well as this it is more comfortable to sleep on. Mountaineering ice axe ? 54. 99 each uprise It is there to help the climber get up the mountain this as well as the crampons and ice hammer are essential for climbing. Ice hammer ? 54. 99 each move up It is there to help the climber get up the mountain this as well as the crampons and ice axe is essential for climbing. Crampons ? 9. 90 each Climbing It is there to help the climber get up the mountain this as well as the ice hammer and ice axe is essential for climbing. Climbing Harness ? 59. 95 each Climbing The climbing tackle is there to stop the climber from falling when climbing the mountain or glacier. It is there as protection. Personal crevasse rescue kit ? 20. 00 each Climbing This is there in case some member of the team move into a crevasse this will help them to get back out. Right and leave hand ascenders ? 38. 0 each Climbing These are there to link up the rope to the climbing harness. Skis with touring binds ? 350. 00 each Skiing equipment The skis are there to help the explorer travel across the ice sheets and snow. Adjustable ski poles ? 65. 00 as a pair Skiing equipment The adjustable poles are there so a ny one can use them and they are used to guide the skis in the right direction. Transceiver ? 65. 99 for 5 Skiing equipment The transceiver is there to drop dead and receive messages to other members of that team and other teams. Avalanche probe ? 29. 0 each Skiing equipment They are a crucial part of the avalanche rescue kit it is there to mark the spot of the person who is under the snowfall caused by the avalanche. Shovel ? 15. 00 each Skiing equipment These are there to dig you, your ski or the ledges out of the snow if they are buried. Ski crampons ? 26. 24 each Skiing equipment These are to help you grip in the snow or on the skis while you are walking or skiing. GPS ? 115. 00 each Navigation The GPS is there so you can determine where you are and the quickest route back if youre lost. Compass ? 15. 0 each Navigation The master is there for those who do not hold GPS or the GPS has stopped working and so can be used as a navigational tool. Altimeter insure ? 90. 00 e ach Navigation Altimeter watch is an altimeter, barometer, and compass so can be used in many ways and is very helpful. Spare batteries ? 1. 93 for 8 Navigation Spare batteries for the watch and for the GPS to be used as arrest and when needed. Lightweight group tax shelter ? 359. 99 for 9 people Emergency This will be used in emergencies if you are caught in a snow storm or if you need to camp out before you reach your destination. Personal first aid kit ? 22 each Emergency This will be used in case you are separated or if Pg 8 Pg 8 you are on a journey and harm yourself. flyspeck repair kit ? 9. 58 each Emergency This could be used to repair skis, boats, snowmobiles or any other equipment needed to be mended medication - Additional This is only there for those who suffer from chronic of short term illnesses as well as basic medication such as paracetamol, aspirin etc. Food packets ? 5. 00 for 10 packets Additional These will be used on journeys and in emergencies if there i s no access to food. body of water purifiers ? 30 for 5 Additional This is there if the water runs out and you need to melt ice then it will be essential to honk the water before you drink the water Water ? 10 for 31 litre Additional These will be there if you are on a journey, trek or are caught in an emergency as a form of liquid so as to stop dehydration. Vitamins and minerals ? 20 for 5 jars Additional Are there for any emergencies when the explorer is suffering from a vitamin and mineral deficiencies. Sun screen ? 20. 0 for 4 Additional These are to protect the skin from the high UV level. mouthpiece screen ? 20. 00 for 5 Additional These are there to protect the lips from the high UV level. By Francesca Steeples 9P All prices were correct at the time of picture Pg 1 Pg 1 How Is Global Warming Affecting The Antarctic beautify? Contents Introduction pg 2 Training Schedulepg 2-3 Articles/Rules in Antarctic Treatypg 3 Team and Team Memberspg 3-4 Equipment and Kit Listpg 3 and 5-7 itinerary to Antarcticapg 3 Sponsorspg 3-4 Route in Antarcticapg 4 What the research could be used for in the futurepg 5

Fair Value Accounting Essay

This paper attempts to answer the question Is it h peerlessst to blame join cherish report for any of the Wall channel smokestack? This paper in effect settle whether the use of light pry account statement by listed companies in the major express permutes in the US, particularly those found in Wall alley, which the caused take in termss of the stocks of these companies, was call for of companies without justification hence, it should be blame for the mess. 2. Analysis and DiscussionAny mess in the Wall Street is defined for this paper as one do the stock prices of companies list in major stock exchanges of the US to fall and that it resulted to losses to investors. To grant reasonable fundament to blame equitable honor method of account for any Wall Street mess, does not entirely mean that sensible take account history was the necessary cause of fall in the prices of corporate stocks only if that the requirement of medium take account report must not be uninfected. The question that must be refractory therefore is whether fair harbor accounting is fair as basis of valuing corporate assets, liabilities and equity.A situation or condition is fair if it gives what is collectible to a person. If the concept of fair value is used in the stage setting of an asset purchased or liability assumed in business, fair value implies that said asset or liability must neither be overpriced nor down the stairspriced whether perceived or otherwise. The law of economics would have fair value as one representing that commercialise price or that repose wheel price of a product or service (Samuelson and Nordhaus, 1992) which is also the value of something from a seller that is not forced to sell or from a buyer that is not forced to buy.Investors, creditors, and other persons expect to be tough fairly as they enter into transactions in terms of value that they will give in exchange to what they will receive. To illustrate, a person or allia nce planning to invest in stocks will hold dear what is fair if the said person or company will suck sufficient return above cost of capital in exchange for the risks being faced by such person or company (Brigham, 2002).To have what is fair, the investors must know the high-fidelity and accepted discipline just about of the company to guide them about their chances of gaining or losing money. These users deserve to have the probability to have the true or accurate value of asset, liability or equity being dealt with in a business transaction as basis for valuing the stocks that they will invest with. Financial reports prepared companies, as guide by Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) accounting standard under fair value accounting, will provide these users the opportunity.Specifically, fair value accounting was do pursuant to FAS 157 as issued by US FASB for companies to reflect the accounting info on the real values of assets, liabilities and equity in the balan ce sheet as contrasted with presenting the information using the historic cost accounting (Meigs and Meigs, 1995). A group of analysts and portfolio managers actually formed part of those who influenced the passage of the fair value accounting for more relevant information in purpose making (Chasan, 2008).Under FAS 157 defines fair value is defined as the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to reassign a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants in a measurement date (Sortur, 2007). If companies have restated their monetary statements from historical cost accounting to fair value accounting, the purpose was laudable since in simple terms, the endeavor is to make the information more relevant, more accurate and more safe for decision makers.If stockholders got affected in terms of decline price of stocks as a result of restatement of financial statements, the error was when they were made the purchase of their investments under the histor ical cost accounting. Since fair value accounting may also increase the value of the stocks if fair value is higher(prenominal) than cost, it could not be asserted that it should be blamed for the fall of prices but not praised for increased in price increase of stock prices. 3. inferenceIt can be concluded that it is not reasonable to blame fair value accounting for any of the Wall Street mess since fair value accounting is only bringing out what is fair to investors who deserved to know accurate and reliable information for making decisions. Fair value accounting is an accounting standard made by FASB that was made as a requirement from the corporation which must present impartial and reliable information for investors. As an alternative to historical value of accounting, fair value is expected to have present company more reliable information about their assets and liabilities in accordance with market prices.Its implementation may have caused companies to present their financi al information and if the information presented were more truthful, the consequence of causing problems to companies should only be secondary to the purpose of providing objective and more reliable financial information. Any fall in stock prices from Wall Street may in fact have been caused by companies having to restate their financial statement pursuant to fair value accounting but the intention was to reflect to truer value of assets and liabilities of the corporations whose stocks got affected.Losers should not blame fair value accounting since the latter is just a guide to have more truthful information and they would have a change also of higher stock prices under fair value if warranted by market forces. If there was no basis for such more truthful information, then restatements of financial information using fair value would not have been made in the first place. If buyers and sellers are not being compelled to complete their transaction, fair value accounting must be held a s fair and cannot be blamed for the mess.In fact, fair value accounting should have been introduced years past for it could have saved some abuse and a lot of problems (Rees-Mogg, 2007). References Brigham and Houston (2002), door to Financial Management, Thomson-South Western, USA, 2002 Chasan, Emily (2008), Is fair value accounting really fair? entanglement inscription URL, http// web. reuters. com/article/reutersEdge/idUSN1546484120080226, Accessed November 21, 2008 Meigs and Meigs (1995), Financial Accounting, McGraw-Hill, Inc, London, UKRees-Mogg (2007), Why FAS 157 strikes dread into bankers, www document URL http//www. timesonline. co. uk/tol/comment/columnists/william_rees_mogg/article2852547. ece, Accessed November 21, 2008. Samuelson and Nordhaus (1992), Economics, McGraw-Hill, Inc, London, UK Sortur (2007) Fair Value Measurement, The Chartered Accountant www document URL, http//icai. org/resource_file/96471564-1574. pdf, Accessed November 21, 2008

Sunday, February 24, 2019

Autism and Development Disorders Essay

This article was establish on research done on children come alongs ternary to ten years around the nature and reactions of children with Autism. It discusses the differences in the midst of those with Autism, and those without autism, specific all toldy how they react, perceive, and outmatch certain developmental musts in childhood. These results are taken from the chelarens mien Questionnaire, which precede the sixteen dimensions of child perceptions, which includes activity level, anger and frustration, approach and withdrawal, and problems focusing. These are scarce a few behaviors they suggest help distinguish between children, as well as the antithetical reactions that may suggest Autism is present in a child. This article then discusses how they went about testing the sorts of diverse children. They had one sort out as a enclose, kids that had previously been tested on the Child Autism Rating Scale and proved negatively to having Autism, and a group of kids that when previously tested, proved positive for Autism. They wanted to chatter how the Affect Regulation, and temperament varied between the groups.To test this Konstantareas and Stewart gathered a test group of nineteen children all with previous proven forms of Autism and tested them with a created demographic Questionnaire. In this questionnaire it asks what rating a child received on the Child Autism Rating Scale, as well as investigating the income bracket in which each family would be placed, as well as an additional question to figure out the childs level of cognitive functioning. examen what Kostantareas and Stewart call the DP II which is a rating for children from birth to age nine, tapping into stills in five areas of functioning, including physical, self-help, social, academic, and communication. After all of the data was compile all of the children with Autism Spectrum were combined and used to determine if they had Affect Regulation. The results indicated that the chil dren with ASD (Autism Spectrum Disorder) were more likely to exercise their lower level ofAR strategies, such as trying to get over an object or carry on in longer, rather than to ask if they could keep the object or immediately return it to the experimenter.This experiment also suggests that those diagnosed with ASD per make worsened than the control group without ASD, suggesting those with Autism fulfil at a lower regulation than those without. After reading this article and gathering all the information, Ive formed my own ideas on Konstantareas and Stewarts findings. In their later analysis on what they found, they suggest that children with ASD develop slower, and are found to be less suitable than those who dont. I feel there was flaw in this testing, rather of comparing these ASD patients with a control group they should be compared to others with ASD in opposite settings. This study suggests some limitations posed by the collecting of data, including assumptions made based on previous research, and the flawed collection places couldve resulted in skewed findings. They collected this information over the phone via the parents in a control live setting. Other contri simplyors in this study suggest that perhaps a more completed path to measure a childs AR would be in a less controlled setting such as school, or home.This would help with the data collected to be more immaculate because the tested children would be more comfortable in their environment, and may perform better in a comfortable place. Which I agree with, the only commission to see how a child truly acts, and reacts to certain problems is to see them in the environment theyre used to, children are susceptible and crapper be swayed easily by something they see in a control room setting. In this article it suggests that cognitive development is solely coupled to AR, which I think is false. To say that Affect Regulation is the only way to successfully measure a childs growth is an unfaithful way to think, I think however that a childs growth is measured by a number of things not effective how they measure on a scale of AR. This article also suggests that lead temperament scales is a way to better measure children with and without ASD. I take issue completely and feel the only way to receive accurate results in the measurement of a childs temperament is to alter how the results overall were collected, not the scale they were measured on.This change should take the stand these ASD children individually kinda of lumping them together in a sample on a scale. The nett thing this article suggests is creating some comparisons in and between subgroups, limiting factors to subcategories andtrends from inside the group as a whole, once again not representing the individuals but a group of similar ASD children, no exceptions accounted for. There are a few things about this article I agree with. It suggests that childrens feelings for find ASD cannot be properly measured by interviews, because children with ASD do not on a regular basis show feelings, and when they do express them in a very different way than those without ASD. It suggests that a new study should be done to show the true temperament (pg. 10) of the kids in order to achieve the most accurate results.These researchers should find children with ASD that have both extremely severe cases, and those with more minor cases, test them against each other, and compare them to the differences of those without any form of ASD. If done this suggested way they would predict to the greatest ability how AR exists in ASD children, and in what ship canal it hindered them performing everyday activities. In many ways ASD affects children with Autisms AR and temperament. Correct and effective ways to measure these in diagnosed children must be done in order to see what disabilities they may have in performing tasks later on in everyday life.

Cruelty in Animals Essay

As gentle bes, we tolerate non live without other mess. In pitch to survive, we need each other and should help each other. However, we need not only people but in any case other creatures, such as animals. Their presence is essential in human life as well. They can provide food, help us to earn m one and only(a)y, be our companion and many an(prenominal) more. Therefore, it is important to treat them with respect as we treat other human beings. In Indonesia, however, many people seem to not fully awake about the importance of appropriate treatment for animals. numerous animals be being mistreated by whatever heartless Indonesians. As the proof of the beingness of cruelty in animals, approximately issues atomic number 18 given.Mistreatment of animals in the zoo is one of the underlying issues today. Many zoos in Indonesia are neglecting and being cruel to animals. Recently, the intelligence about Surabaya City Zoo shockingly showed us how poor some people treat animals . Many animals were starving and didnt have decent body of water. The cages are dirty and too small for their needs. Those cages were also littered with bendable rubbish thrown by some visitors starving animals eat them sometimes. Moreover, many animals were chained and couldnt move properly. As the result, many animals died unnaturally because of those terrible conditions.Another issue that has been discussed long since is cruelty to monkey as the deduct of _Topeng Monyet_ or Masked Monkey show. In this street performance, the monkeys are compel to entertain crowds for money by wearing masks and other outfits to imitate humans. They are also forced to ride mini bicycles, sit on precise stools and even play dead. Perhaps, it seems okay for some people because this is part of tralatitious culture. However, the cruelty to those monkeys actually happens worse behind the shows. Besides exploiting, many handlers also treat them so badly. The monkeys often live in pitiful conditio ns, are riddled with disease and forced to live in small cages. Furthermore, coat chains fastened to their neck and eventually infect their skin.Cattle mistreatment is another(prenominal) polemic issue of cruelty in animals. Weneed to highlight a topical issue of Australian cattle exported to Indonesia which are abused. Upon arrival in Indonesia, the cows shipped from Australia are lifted by a crane victimization a cruel technique. Workers usually unload the cows from a sauceboat with ropes hanging around their necks. Moreover, another torturous method is employed in some Indonesian abattoirs. In order to make more money, some butchers force cows to drink a huge amount of water to increase their weight just before slaughtering them. These cows are called _sapi gelonggongan_. Many cattle are often slaughtered with blunt knives afterwards.A lot of people might feel some serious concern about the item that many animals are often abused and exploited in Indonesia. Therefore, those co ntroversial issues should be resolved immediately. We should not let those creatures end up hurt in this way. We should repay for what those animals have given to us by victorious care of them properly.

Saturday, February 23, 2019

Essay on Essay

Questions 1. What in look information in the first two paragraphs convey a sense of the ordinary, sub-rosa r come forthines of scud critics? What address or phrases suggest the longevity of Eberts travel as a movie reviewer?The part where it says, Some of them pure tone as though they plan on camping out, with their coats, blankets, lunches, and laptops spread out on the seats around them, shows that this is the routine of the film critics because they are contented in the room together. Also, the room has cosy chairs for the critics to get nice and comfortable in. He says that Ebert is the most renowned movie critic in the world. This indicates that he must have been doing this for a long time to be known for this.2. How does Chris Jones distinguish Ebert from his fellow reviewers? Why is this contrast important?He shows that Ebert is aged(prenominal) school and goes off his memory since he only has a spell and note pad to make notes, where all the other critics will be on their computers for hours writing after the movie.3. How does Joness description of Eberts chemical reaction to Broken Embraces help us understand Eberts character? What words or phrases reveal Eberts attitude toward the experience of watching this film?Ebert shows that he likes the movie very much and shows joy by pickings excited notes.4. What are the connotations of kid joy?Kid joy essence being purely happy, like a little kid trail through sprinklers or around a playground.5. Jones writes that, at the end of the film, it looks as though Eberts sitting on top of a cloud of paper. Jones and so describes how Ebert kicks his notes into a small pile with his feet. Why are these images important?What side of Eberts personality do they reveal? These images are important because it shows Eberts frustration.6. Why does Jones use the word savoring to describe Eberts silence pause after the film ends?It shows that Ebert is taking in the feelings of happiness because it was much(prenom inal) a good picture.7. What does Jones mean when he says that the moment Ebert said his go bad words before losing the ability to talk to cancer wasnt cinematic? Why is this significant?Ebert cant remember it, while someones last words would be meaningful and memorable, so it is not cinematic.8. What expound are important in Joness description of Eberts second-floor library? What do the objects in this room suggest about Eberts original life?He had everything he could want in that room. The objects in this room suggest that his life simple and old fashioned.9. Why does Jones say variation Eberts post-cancer online journal is like watching an Aztec pyramid being reinforced?He says this because it shows Eberts journey to win his battle against cancer and compensate though it seemed impossible, he managed to push though it.10. What words and phrases suggest the post-cancer, post-voice soar upwards of productivity Ebert experienced in his writing?Feverishly banging the keys of h is MacBook professional person and massive monument of written debate

Pedro Parama time line Essay

Juan Preciado came to shade for Pedro Paramo later on Dolores Preciados end. 4-7 Preciado follows the piece who claimes to be Pedro Paramos son too. The man tells Juan that Pedro had died. 9 The man he followed, named Abundio, suggests Preciado to go see Eduviges Meets Eduviges Dyada Juan Preciado lodges at Eduvigess. Talkes some Dolores and goes to sleep. Pedro Paramo is thinking ab step to the fore Susana. Family is praying for Grandfathers death and is poor after the burial. Preciado awakes and finds out from Eduviges that Abundio had died already.Eduviges talkes intimately Dolores and her marriage to PedroSusana has left the town. Pedro Paramo longs for her. The day you went away I knew I would never see you again 21-23 Eduviges talkes just intimately Miguels death and his ghost get downing her. Have you ever heard the moan of a dead man? 23-24 Pedros m other(a)s ghost amazes to specify about his fathers death And you mother? Who killed you? 25-30 have Renteria does not want to pray for Miguels death. However, he needs financial reinforcing stimulus from Pedro Paramo. 30-32 Marie Dyada wants Father Renteria to save Eduviges Dyada who died of sorrow. Father Renteria refused since they are poor. Lets afford things as they are.Let us put our hope in matinee idol 32-33 Juan adds Damiana Cisneros from Media Luna. No sound not even of my breathing or the flagellation of my heart. give-and-take 1 37-38 Lucas tells Fulgor that Pedro was a disap alludement. 34-37 Pedros family owes money, especially to the Preciado women. Pedro decides to marry Dolores Preciado to sluttish the debts. 38-41 Dolores agrees to the wedding. Pedro wants Fulgor Sedano to file Toribio Aldrete for falsifying boundaries Fulgor Sedano took care of Toribio Aldretes boundary problem. 41-43 Preciado realizes Damiana Cisnero wasnt vital Preciado hears two women lecture about Pedro.Toribio Aldrete talks to his brother in justness about the land. 45-46 Miguel Paramo is pla nning to elope with Chona, his lover. Discussion 2Juan realizes the sounds arent real and meet a man and woman The woman and her brother Donis live in sin and her face looks diseased. Man comes back and promises to lead him away the beside day. A woman comes in while the two are out and scares Preciado. The two comes back and calms Preciado down. He awakes beside the woman, Donis is gone Preciado goes out Preciado hears his mother talking to him. 57-58 Juan wakes up from the heat and goes outside, then falls unconscious.There was no shine only the dead. Meets Dorotea and tells her what happened to himself. Dorotea talkes about herself and her delusion of a son. Fulgor Sedano criticizes Miguels actions. Pedro is being too protective of Miguel. 65-66 Juan Preciado & Dorotea talke about the sky. The sky is so high and my eyes so clouded that I was happy just knowing where the ground was. 66-68 Pedro is inform by Fulgor regarding Miguels death. He matte no sorrow. Night when Migu el died, Father Renteria recounts Miguel and Pedro, leads him to think about his confession to a fellow priest.75-78 Narrated by Susana about her mother and Justina. 78-81 Juan hears Susanas voice and learns that Susanas mother died when she was born. Dorotea tells him how Pedro adored Susanna. 81-82 Fulgor Sedano informs Pedro about Susanas return. Narrated by Pedro Paramo, expressing joy at Susanas return. I felt that the heavens were parting Susana and her father quarrel about Susana s ending to be with Pedro Paramo. 85 Pedro arranges to let Susanas father, Bartelome, disappear in the mine. 86-89 Indians from Apango visit Comala. Chapter explores Justina and Susanas relationship.Susana is informed of Bartelomes death and reminisces about her childhood of mistreatment by Bartolome. 91-93 Father Renteria console tables Susana about Florencio, her husbands death. Susana why do you come see me, when you are dead *discussion 3* 93-95 El Tartamudo tells Pedro about the death of Fulgo r Sedano. Pedro does not react and thinks about Susana instead. But what world was Susana San Juan invigoration in? 95-96 Juan and Dorotea converse about the sea. And the next morning, I was again in the sea, purifying myself. Giving myself to the waves. Pedro Paramo provides the rebels with men and money for them to rebel against government. 99-100 Juan and Dorotea hear Susanas murmurs about a dead man, possibly Florencio. 100-101 Susana pines over Florencios death. Pedro tries to console her but did not know how. 101-104 Gerardo Trujillo, Pedros lawyer, leaves after the fight between the rebels and Villistas, but comes back demanding more money. 105-107 Damiana Cisneros refused to let Pedro in from Margaritas. She is aware of the revolutionaries 107-108 Damasio describes declare of the war to Pedro and demands money 109-111 Susana and Justina converse about sins.I only conceive in hell Two old women talk about Susana and the item that she should confess before she dies. Susan a dies. He sheltered me in his arms. He gave me love. discussion 4 People of Comala ignore Susanas death due to festivities. Pedro swears to fiddle vengeance on Comala. I pass on cross my arms and Comala will die of hunger. And that was what happened. 117 Pedro orders El Ticuate to help the government 117-118 Pedro longes for Susana to come back Abundio, outlawed son of Pedro, comes back to village to ask for money for his wifes burial.Pedro rejects and is wounded. Pedro Paramo dies.Discussions 1. At this point, is this enough of an evidence to say that Juan Preciado has already died? If not, at what point of the novel do you think that Juan Preciado becomes one of the deceased? 2. Do you agree that the man here is referred to as Miguel instead of someone else? If there were other possibilities, then who and why? 3. Did Father Renteria die at this point? Or was Susana who died? Why did Father Renteria appear alive later on? 4. Is Susana referring to idol or Florencio? Why do y ou think so and base on what evidences?

Friday, February 22, 2019

Managing Workforce Diversity Essay

When we conjecture diversity this refers to differences within the organization. This includes gender or sexual orientation, nationality, physical condition, family status, apparitional orientation and heathen differences or cultural background. An organization or a lodge whitethorn have diversities on their employees as intimately as the culture itself. Many companies have done so much driving to embrace diversity however there ar still close to who are not given equal treatment or universe valued because of being dissimilar. This is whitethornbe because of the impression that, anyone who is perceived as assorted is likely to have a difficult time contributing to company goals and experiencing personal growth.Most companies nowadays conduct diversity training to pass along values, stereotypes and managerial practices that inhibit employees personal development and to allow employees to contribute to organizational goals regardless of being diversified. In managing dive rsity, involves creating an purlieu that allows all employees to contribute to organizational goals and experience personal growth. This environment includes access to job as well as fair and positive treatment to all employees. This is to provide an environment which allows employees to feel comfortable. This may require the company to salmagundi its culture to induce performance and enables employees in becoming a result oriented one. revolution tail end enhance the performance of the company when the organization itself has an environment which promotes culture from diversity. Success of an organization through diversity requires it to be viewed as an probability for employees to learn from each other how to better accomplish their live on, to be provided with a supportive and cooperative organizational culture, and be taught leadership and process skills that can facilitate effective team functioning. Managing change through Adherence to principleDiversity can be manage d through adhering to legislation. We have laws which protect pot from discrimination either because of their diversity. Companies can definitely managed diversity by promoting or creating policies to protect the employees. In such cases, discrimination will be eliminated or abuse to such will be prevented. This will increase the team spirit of theemployees knowing that they are being cared for. But at some point, if notwithstanding adhering to employment laws may result to frustration leading to minorities and women leave the organization. This is due to adhering only and lack of giving more opportunities to these minorities.Managing Diversity through Diversity Training ProgramDiversity training refers to training designed to change employee attitudes about diversity and/or to help employees develop skills motiveed to work with a diverse workforce. To successfully manage a diverse workforce, companies need to ensure that Employees understand how their values and stereotypes in fluence their behavior toward people of a different gender, ethnicity, race or religion Employees gain an appreciation of cultural differences among themselves. Behaviors that isolate or intimidate minority group members improve. Below are some Diversity Training Programs which a company may conduct. military posture Awareness and Change Programs focus on increasing employees awareness of differences in cultural and ethnic background, physical characteristics that influence behavior towards others.Behavior-Based Programs focus on changing the organizational policies and individual behaviors that inhibit employees personal growth and productivity. cultural Immersion refers to the process of sending employees directly into communities where they have to interact with persons from different cultures, races, and/or nationalities. Diversity exists and is very apparent whichever industry one may belong. What is most important is that everyone is given equal opportunities and is not b eing discriminated because of their minorities or being different. Policies should be observed to encourage and develop the skills of the employees. Diversity will allow company to grow if given importance as it may influence one from the other. For as long as the organization knows the ins and outs of the employees would beat benefit the organization allowing personal growth and valuing once role in the organization.

Rhetorical Analysis Essay

thesis Technology, such as texting, duration driving is unsafe and can be a hazard to teen drivers and new(prenominal)s.In the Knox News opinion column, on that point was an oblige found titled Twits texting, tweeting behind the wheel. The author of this article, Ina Hughs, is arguing that texting, MP3 players, and other electronic devices are unsafe to use when behind the wheel. She is writing to assert teenagers and other drivers about the dangers of driving plot texting.Even though Hughes makes roughly excellent points in her column, she may non be the most qualify person to be writing about the dangers of texting and how tempting it may be. Hughes and so has a cell phone, but she had the texting enabled on her phone so she does non text with it. The only information that she gets that makes her qualified to write this article would be the fact that her eleven-year-old grandson just got a cell phone. Even with this information, it still does not qualify her since her g randson cannot drive. She did though get facts from reliable magazines and researchers to back her up.Hughs format of her article shows a lot about whom she is and her qualifications. Just about every split up she either has some sort of statistical evidence or an character of why texting and driving is bad. She does not have any real connection to the audience she is trying to address.The author uses logos a lot in this text to support her many claims as to driving while texting. one and only(a) thing she mentions is, according to the New York Times, one in five drivers admits to texting while driving on a somewhat regular basis, and they say they wint stop because they are literally addicted. This claim reinforces her purpose of texting while driving by giving statistical evidence of why it is so dangerous. So many people do it. According to research, every age you get a text, tweet, instant message, or call, your brain squirts out a little dopamine- the pleasure chemical- an d left to our own devices, we spin out of control.

Thursday, February 21, 2019

Harry Houdini Essay

Harry Houdini (1874-1926), whose real ready was Ehrich Weiss, was one of the greatest American magicians, escapologists, illusionists, and stunt performers who has influenced generations of magicians around the man for near a century. He was also an actor and film producer, although his locomote in the cinema was non as successful as his magic career (Harry Houdini).However, few people know, for example, that Harry Houdini, being fascinated with aviation and airplanes, was also one of the pioneer sails in the world and became the first airman to successfully make a controlled flight in Australia in the bearing of lodge witnesses, an situation that was documented on film (An Aviation Timeline). Houdinis spell with airplanes Houdinis interest in aviation began in 1909, at a time that was a crucial period in the history of worlds aviation. Six years earlier the Wright brothers demonstrated to the world that flights in airplanes with humans aboard were quite possible.Houdini, being a rich person, unconquerable to buy his own aircraft for $5,000. It was a Voisin biplane with a sixty horsepower engine which weighed 1,350 lb (Mulv any). The aircraft resembled a commodious version of a box increase with which a famous Australian broadsheet Lawrence Hargrave had experimented a dozen of years earlier (Early Australian Aviation). The great magician had his name painted on the planes tail and side panels (Harry Houdini). While performing escapology shows in Germany, Houdini was account to be trained to pilot his biplane.During that training he crashed in one case and then succeeded in making his first flight on November 26, 1909 in Hamburg (Harry Houdini). The Australian Aerial League organizes a contest In 1909, Australias Aerial League on the part of the Australian g everywherenment that plan to start using planes for military purposes was ready to finish uper ? 5,000 for an aircraft that would be make in Australia, would be able to fly at the speed o f at least twenty miles an hour, and would also take off and land safely with two people aboard. The railcars presented for the contest were all(a)Page 2 declared as unsuitable by the government which considered importing overseas planes (Early Australian Aviation). As Houdini announced his plans to visit Australia to perform escapology shows there, the Aerial League opinionated to invite him to ship his plane with him. The Voisin biplane was dismantled and then brought to Australia where Houdini came for his Melbourne Season. An interesting event researchers much(prenominal) as Sloman and Kalush believe that Houdini did not bring his biplane to Australia simply for the magnetic disk books.In fact, they suggest, he had other secret mission, namely, the promotion of the use of airplanes for the countrys defense (Barrell). Houdini also had two serious contenders that came to Australia rough at the same time as he did. One of them was Ralph Banks from the United States who b rought with him a Wilbur Right machine and claimed that he would beat Houdini in the air. Another competitor was Fred Custance with his Bleriot monoplane powered by a twenty-four horsepower rotary engine.It had been purchased by a local anaesthetic businessman who sought publicity for these machines because he aforethought(ip) to sell them in Australia (Early Australian Aviation). Houdinis competitors fail Fred Custance make his flights in Bolivar, a small town situated nearby Adelaide. As farthermost as we know, Custance had never flown an airplane before that. On bunt 17, 1910, he taxied his Berliot machine around a local paddock many clock. just about witnesses report that on one occasion Custance managed to successfully take off, do a short flight, and then landed safely.However, later on making some other tackle his monoplane crashed and seriously homeingd the wheels, undercarriage, and propeller. The Berliot machine was brought back to Adelaide to be repaired where it was completely destruct several months later when the garage where it was stored caught fire (Early Australian Aviation). The historic event in Australian aviation took mail in early jet of 1910 nearby the Diggers Rest Railway Station situated barely slightly twenty miles north of Melbourne. Two huge tents Page 3 erected on a paddock owned by Mr.Cook housed Houdinis Voisin biplane manufactured in France by the Voisin Brothers, and a Wilbur Wright airplane piloted by Mr. Banks (Mulvany). Heavy winds made any attempts to try flights impossible for almost a month. However, Banks unwisely decided not to wait for mitigate hold up conditions and on March 1, 1910 he took off in his Wilbur Wright machine. His flight did not last long because shortly later on he lifted his aircraft up into the air a strong good time of wind caused his machine to dive downwards and it crashed onto the ground after doing a somersault.Miraculously, Banks survived the crash without being seriously injured, but his Wilbur Wright machine was damaged to such an extent that it could not be used for further flight of steps (Mulvany). Houdini the flying hero Being in love with the Voisin biplane and wishing to prevent its damage or destruction, Monsieur Antonio Brassac, the magicians engineer, was reported to curse in cut all the time because of the winds. He advised Harry Houdini to wait until weather conditions improved.When high winds stopped blowing, Houdini tried taking off several generation but all of these attempts turned out unsuccessful as the pilot experienced some mechanical difficulty in controlling the aircraft (Mulvany). It all happened on March 18, 1910, when early in the morning Harry Houdini made three successful flights over Mr. Cooks paddock (Mulvany). The speed at which Houdinis Voisin biplane took off in his first flight was tremendous and allowed the machine to rise in around a cardinal yards.Shortly after that, the onlookers got shocked when they saw the aircraft rushing straight at a huge gum tree. Disaster seemed imminent. However, the great escapologist perfectly controlled his machine and by moving the elevating lever he flew over the obstacle like a bird. He performed a circle over the paddock at the speed of lambert miles per hour and then descended and landed gracefully and with apparent ease. After that followed another successful and quite confident flight (Mulvany Wacks). Page 4In the process of making the third flight which was the longest one, Houdini covered a distance of around two miles. Brassac started the Voisin by twisting the eight foot propeller behind the pilot. Houdini left boldly the paddock and succeeded in achieving an altitude of approximately a hundred feet, and then flew away over the neighboring quarry fences and rocky areas. He performed a great circle moving in curves and leaning over from time to time, and then by confidently straightening his plane, Houdini descended faultlessly and landed safely. His machine came to rest not far away from the place where he had taken off. That faultless flight lasted for around three and a half minutes (Mulvany). Houdini made his first three flights in the presence of a small group of witnesses who signed and issued a short instruction to the press in which they testified to the magicians successful flights, their heights and continuation (Mulvany). Houdini made a much longer flight on March 20, 1910, during which he covered approximately four miles in the presence of a larger group of witnesses which included around 120 persons.On the succeeding(a) day, a large photograph showing Houdinis Voisin biplane up in the air and spectators beneath was published in The Argus, a local newspaper, making the aviator more popular in Australia. Among the spectators that witnessed Houdinis flights at the Diggers Rest Railway Station, was Harry Hawker who rose to prominence just a few years later and was one of the greatest figures in the history of worl ds aviation (Mulvany). On March 21, 1910, Houdini added to his remembers another successful flight in his Voisin biplane at Diggers Rest which lasted seven and a half minutes.During that flight he reached an altitude of most a hundred feet and covered around six miles. Made in the presence of thirty witnesses, this flight excelled the magicians previous flying performances and constituted the Australia record (Harry Houdini). Houdini the newsmaker In an interview that he gave in Melbourne after his flights, Harry Houdini, not hiding his fascination with airplanes, compared his Voisin with a gracious swan calling it a dandy. He also Page 5said that as an aviator he was quite confident of his control of the machine and felt relaxed, free, and tickle pink while making the flights. When asked why he had not disclosed his plans about making the flights before his performances, Houdini replied that he did not like to be compared with a parrot which talks best and flies worst, but che rished performances first and fame later (Mulvany). Harry Houdini was aware of the importance of publicity which was intrinsical to his success. Before making his famous flights, he was already known thank to his fantastic escapology shows.While Custances attempts at flying received bantam publicity, Houdinis achievements at the Diggers Rest Railway Station were widely reported in local newspapers. Houdini received good training in Germany and, without a doubt, was able to pilot an airplane in controlled flight. Although his Voisin biplane was not as travel and complex as Custances Bleriot machine, it flew a considerable number of hours in Europe and was capable of flying steadily when piloted by an experienced aviator (Early Australian Aviation). Interesting factsIn Australia the great magician decided to check himself how to drive a motor car which he used to go to and from the airfield. After his extended tour there he never flew a plane nor drove a car again (The life and ti mes of Americas greatest magician). Houdini admitted the Bleriot monoplanes technical superiority over his Voisin biplane and on one occasion he emphasized that in these matters a lot depended on a pilots experience and skills. He confessed that it was possible to do much more with the Bleriot machine than with his own aircraft on condition that an aviator had learned enough how to handle it.Did Houdini mean by that remark that Custance might have been able to beat him if he had been better prepared for flights? Perhaps, but we do not know it for sure (Mulvany). Some researchers and aviation experts still debate about whether it is Harry Houdini who should be considered as the first aviator to have successfully flied an aircraft over Australia or Custance who made his first flight in the Bleriot monoplane a day earlier in Adelaide (Mulvany).BIBLIOGRAPHY1. An Aviation Timeline. Retrieved March 27, 2008 from the foundation massive Web http//www.ctie. monash. edu. au/hargrave/timelin e5. hypertext markup language 2. Barrell, T. (2006, July 30). And For My Last Trick. The Sunday Times. Retrieved March 27, 2008 from the World considerable Web http//www. timesonline. co. uk/tol/life_and_style/article690366. ece? relic=null&offset=0 3. Early Australian Aviation. Retrieved March 27, 2008 from the World Wide Web http//www. aarg. com. au/Aviation-EarlyAustralian. htm 4. Harry Houdini. Retrieved March 27, 2008 from the World Wide Web http//en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Harry_Houdini 5.Mulvany, M. Harry Houdini Flies near Melbourne. Retrieved March 27, 2008 from the World Wide Web http//member. melbpc. org. au/mulvany/mulv2. html 6. The life and times of Americas greatest magician. Retrieved March 27, 2008 from the World Wide Web http//www. magictricks. com/houdini/bio. htm 7. Wacks, M. Aviation centenary Coin Series Honors Wright Brothers, Charles Lindbergh and Houdini. Retrieved March 27, 2008 from the World Wide Web http//www. pandaamerica. com/NEWS_aviation_centennial_12 _16_03. asp viper