Thursday, April 4, 2019
Leadership Plays Significant Role In Organizations Management Essay
loss leading Plays Signifi canistert Role In Organizations Management Essay leading plays an most-valuable and significant role in the institutions operation immediately. drawing cardship is seen as the cap powerfulness of a attr fareer to organize and chance variable a group of throng so that they can body of cream together towards the direction that achieves a shargond vision and goal (Rudd, 2000 Kouzes and Posner, 1995, p.30). In terms of the meaning of lead, it can be shown in different situations, and be expressed in different form (Rudd, 2000). The discussion of loss leading can be derived from the behaviour of leadership and followers which amid the relationship of those who is able to inspire others to follow their instruction and those who is leading to be led (Kouzes Posner, 1993).A leader that is able to promote the brass instrumental consignment of his or her followers is seen as an effective leader. Besides that, an effective leader is able and unbidden to sh ar the vision, objectives, and plan to the employees. A competence leader leave be able to set an achievable goal and lead the followers toward the goal together. An organisation that is able to develop to retain the effective leaders will achieve a thoroughly result in the productivity and employees commitment to the jobs. According to Kouzes (1999, p.64), without the assistant, encouragement and motivation from others, one will not be able to r all(prenominal) a fascinating skill. Thus, lead is a significant determiner of the organizations effectiveness.For several decades, the literature study of leadership had been playing an important role for the area of organisational behaviour. A good coiffe of leadership with the supported of top management in the organization will encourage the employees job satisfaction, motivation and positive thinking. This will result in organizational commitment of the employees. According to Kouzes (1999, p.64), employees w ill feel arrogance about themselves and be able to harbour a fall apart performance when they work with a leader that always motivate, encourage, and care about their dignity. Employees that present fully commitment are willing to offer their effort to the organization. They are willing to stay still with the organization even though at the time when company lose crisis or difficult time. Besides that, employees that have their commitment to the company draw to result in good performance and this will create a win-win situation for the organization as well as the work forces.In the globalization world of today, the implementation of leadership practices in organizations is getting to a greater extent difficult due to the change in the organizations complexity and their advanced technology and operations. The diversity of latest business environment will influent the employees recognitions, expectation and obligations towards the organization (Hyatt, 2007 Drucker, 1997 Kick ul Liao-Troth, 2003). Todays organizations are going by means of downsizing, merging, and restructuring in many ways. Therefore, employees may feel that their organizations are not living up to their expectation. The relationship among the employees within an organization is the main factor to determine the achievement of the organization. Leaders ability to learn, and identify the contribution of the employees is essential to form a positive perception of the employees towards the leaders and organization (Hyatt, 2007 Weber, 1946). leadership is tell to be undefeated when its meet the expectation of the employees. According to Kouzes and Porner (1990), leadership is a process that involves two parties of people which are leaders and followers that treat individually other in an equally way and willing to share the ideas within each other selflessly. A successful leadership depends on the employees perception and trust on the leaders ability. Therefore, the practices of leader ship is a platform of winning the trust of the followers and thus results in organizational commitment. The five leadership practices suggested by Kouzes Posner (2009) are (a) intriguing the Process, the extent of a leader that is prepare to face the risks and challenges (b) Inspiring a Shared Vision, the degree of a leader to share a future plan and vision (c) enabling Others to Act, the extent of a leaders to influent others to act (d) frameworkling the Way, the ability of a leader to practice his or her values and be the role model of the followers and (e) Encouraging the Heart, the degree of a leader to show the appreciation and recognise of employees contribution (Carless, 2001).Leadership is an essential element in the association of leader and followers. Leaders play an important role in driving and managing the subordinates. Hence, leadership can be determine as a process of knowledge, skill and social exchange between leaders and followers (Weinberger, 2009). passeng er vehicles are seen as leaders of their subordinate in an organization. Therefore, the perception of the followers towards their leaders will link to their perception of the company as well as the leadership process. In this study, leadership practices were examined in the context of organizational commitment.Problem StatementLeadership practices are important elements in fostering organizations culture and building organizational commitment for the sustainability of the organization performance. Managers play a significant role to influent the perception of subordinates to the organization through effective leadership practices. Leaders affect their followers directly through their interactions with the followers. However, there is a inconsistency of current managers behaviour. Many of them claim they care about employees expectations, obligation, and well being. Yet, there are managers of some organizations today always implement projects with course and make empty promises to the employees (Hyatt, 2007 Kouzes and Posner, 1993). In such situation, managers can be said that they are not facilitating their obligations, thus the trust and organizational commitment of the employees towards the managers will then decrease.There are studies found that 68% of employees do not have any confidence on their managers words and behaviour. Meanwhile, 43% of employees think their managers always deceive them (Connel, Ferres Travaglione, 2003 Davis and Landa, 1999). Shaw (1997) argues that employees nowadays are getting selfish in terms of knowledge sharing and willingness to contribute to the organization due to the erosion of trust towards their leaders. Consequently, employees decrease their confidence in work and also their organizational commitment. The management literature tends to emphasise the importance of the trust and commitment of employees towards their managers. It is believed that a successful leadership practices in work come on promotes greater produ ctivity and commitment among employees (Connel, Ferres Travaglione, 2003).The nurturing of relationship between managers and employees is rattling important. This is because a relationship that form with mutual trust and respect within all the members in an organization will prepare the organization to confront with difficulties and at the same time create a harmoniousness situation (Kouzes Posner, 2009). A good leadership practices by the managers in the company will increases employees organizational commitment. This can lead to coveted workforce behaviour. Therefore, it needs to be determined if there is a correlation between five leadership practices and organizational commitment among managers in Malaysia.Objectives of StudyGenerally, this study attempts to investigate the find of each of five leadership practices on organizational commitment. Specifically, this study aims to attend the influence of challenge the process leadership practice on organizational commitment.2) Examine the influence of inspire a share vision leadership practice on organizational commitment.3) Examine the influence of enable others to act leadership practice on organizational commitment.4) Examine the influence of model the way leadership practice on organizational commitment.5) Examine the influence of encourage the heart leadership practice on organizational commitment.Today, the movement and speed of the organization in terms of structure, systems, and processes change rapidly. This scenario has increases the need for the organization to train their managers to become better leaders and better (Skipton and Fred, 2010). This study focused on the effectiveness of the leadership practices implemented by the managers in the attempt to influence organizational commitment of their subordinates. Leaders are the group of people that have the ability to lead the subordinates towards desirable objectives even in a diverse situation. This study is conducted among managers in diffe rent organization and work place and aims to determine the levels of organizational commitment and leadership practices among manager.Research QuestionThis study will be manoeuvre by the following research questions for the purpose of answer the research objectives above.To what extent leadership practice of repugn the process influence organizational commitment?To what extent leadership practice of stir up a shared vision influence organizational commitment?To what extent leadership practice of Enable others to act influence organizational commitment?To what extent leadership practice of Model the way influence organizational commitment?To what extent leadership practice of Encourage the heart influence organizational commitment?HypothesisH1 Leadership practice of take exception the process has a positive significant influence on organizational commitment.H2 Leadership practice of Inspire a shared vision has a positive significant influence on organizational commitment.H3 Leade rship practice of Enable others to act has a positive significant influence on organizational commitment.H4 Leadership practice of Model the way has a positive significant influence on organizational commitment.H5 Leadership practice of Encourage the heart has a positive significant influence on organizational commitment.Conceptual FrameworkThe research of Kouzes and Posner (2003) shown that leadership was a set of practices that can be get the hang by leaders through consistent training. In theory, the Leadership Practices Inventory was created in indian lodge to have a consistent research on all levels of leaders (Kouzes and Posner, 2006). The purpose of this study is to determine if 5 types of leadership practices is related to the levels of organizational commitment among managers in Malaysia. The independent variables of this study are leadership practices of (a) Challenge the Process, (b) Inspire a Shared Vision, (c) Enable Others to Act, (d) Model the Way, and (e) Encourage the Heart, while the dependent variable will be organizational commitment. The moderating variable of this study is the demographic details of respondents include gender, age, marital status, race, occupation, periodical income, education levels and working experience. Figure 1 shows the research framework of this study.Leadership PracticesQ1Challenge the Process H1Q2Inspire a shared vision H2Q3Enable others to act H3 Organizational CommitmentQ4 Dependent VariableModel the way H4Q5Encourage the heart H5Independent VariableFigure 1 Research Framework importation of StudyLeadership is not something that is difficult and impossible to explain, and it can be understood by common people (Kouzes Posner, 2003). This study will be beneficial to all managers and leaders of different organizations in Malaysia. with this study, managers get to design leadership programs base on 5 leadership practices. Leadership practices can issue an appropriate and understandable model for the managers in conducting their leadership program. Besides that, leaders that fully understood the 5 leadership practices will lead to a good performance of their team in the organizations. This is because leadership practices conducted by the leaders will receive feedback of the employees in the end of the projects and this will improve their attitudes and behaviours to become better.Leadership practices suggested 5 types of practices should be posses by managers. Managers can improve and foster the relationship with their employees by implementing the leadership practices efficiently. It also increases the confidence of the managers while confront any crisis. Furthermore, leadership practices provide a platform and foundation in forming organizational commitment.Many young people that took leadership course for the first time already have more leadership experience then they realize (Kouzes Posner, 2006). So, this study also helps the part time students of Master vocation Administration t o obtain more information about leadership practices. This is because they are people from executive levels and have some experience in work place. They may have the chance to become a leader or manager in the future. Therefore, they will have the opportunity to demonstrate the leadership practices in their tasks as a group or team. Through these practices, the employee at executive levels or taking the courses of MBA will be able to improve their performance in work place and building their confidence especially in the time that need to have decision making.1.7 Definition of TermsFollowing are some important terms used throughout this studyLeaders The term leaders refer the body of people who lead a group of people in the organization. Leaders is the people that in charge or in command of others.Leadership Leadership is a group of people of a particular organization. It is the ability to be a leader or the qualities a good leader should have.Leadership Practices For the purpose of this research, Leadership Practices is viewed as the tasks of division managers, head of department or supervisor involving in one of the following (a) Challenging the process, (b) Inspiring a shared vision, (c) Enabling others to act, (d) Modelling the way, (e) Encouraging the heart.Challenging the process The process that leaders venture out into an unknown world or situation. Leaders constantly look for new and progressive products, processes, and services. Leaders also encourage their employees to challenge the former ways and attitude in doing their work.Inspire a shared vision The ability of leaders to inspire a shared vision within the followers and spur out their commitment. It is the desire of leaders to change the way things are and create something new.Enable others to act It is the ability of leaders enables others to act not by coercive power but by their unassumingness to affect others. They strengthen followers capacity to deliver on the promises that they make and promote collaboration in the organization.Model the way The ability of leaders to guide and lead the follows by setting a good example and role model. Leaders model the attitude and behaviour expected by their subordinates in order to achieve high standard of organizational performance. Leaders behaviours and attitudes are far more important than their words (Kouzes and Posner, 2006). The employees would rather believe the person first than the plan.Encourage the heart The ability of leader to recognize and estimate the contribution of the employees. Leaders create a culture of cherish the contribution of their followers and reward them for their achievement in order to retain the good employees.Organizational commitment It is the willingness and feeling of responsibilities of the employees to work hard and contribute their energy and time to a mission or a task in the organization.Managers A Manager is the person responsible for planning and directing the work of a group of indivi duals, monitoring their work, and taking restorative action when necessary.