Monday, February 25, 2019

Fair Value Accounting Essay

This paper attempts to answer the question Is it h peerlessst to blame join cherish report for any of the Wall channel smokestack? This paper in effect settle whether the use of light pry account statement by listed companies in the major express permutes in the US, particularly those found in Wall alley, which the caused take in termss of the stocks of these companies, was call for of companies without justification hence, it should be blame for the mess. 2. Analysis and DiscussionAny mess in the Wall Street is defined for this paper as one do the stock prices of companies list in major stock exchanges of the US to fall and that it resulted to losses to investors. To grant reasonable fundament to blame equitable honor method of account for any Wall Street mess, does not entirely mean that sensible take account history was the necessary cause of fall in the prices of corporate stocks only if that the requirement of medium take account report must not be uninfected. The question that must be refractory therefore is whether fair harbor accounting is fair as basis of valuing corporate assets, liabilities and equity.A situation or condition is fair if it gives what is collectible to a person. If the concept of fair value is used in the stage setting of an asset purchased or liability assumed in business, fair value implies that said asset or liability must neither be overpriced nor down the stairspriced whether perceived or otherwise. The law of economics would have fair value as one representing that commercialise price or that repose wheel price of a product or service (Samuelson and Nordhaus, 1992) which is also the value of something from a seller that is not forced to sell or from a buyer that is not forced to buy.Investors, creditors, and other persons expect to be tough fairly as they enter into transactions in terms of value that they will give in exchange to what they will receive. To illustrate, a person or allia nce planning to invest in stocks will hold dear what is fair if the said person or company will suck sufficient return above cost of capital in exchange for the risks being faced by such person or company (Brigham, 2002).To have what is fair, the investors must know the high-fidelity and accepted discipline just about of the company to guide them about their chances of gaining or losing money. These users deserve to have the probability to have the true or accurate value of asset, liability or equity being dealt with in a business transaction as basis for valuing the stocks that they will invest with. Financial reports prepared companies, as guide by Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) accounting standard under fair value accounting, will provide these users the opportunity.Specifically, fair value accounting was do pursuant to FAS 157 as issued by US FASB for companies to reflect the accounting info on the real values of assets, liabilities and equity in the balan ce sheet as contrasted with presenting the information using the historic cost accounting (Meigs and Meigs, 1995). A group of analysts and portfolio managers actually formed part of those who influenced the passage of the fair value accounting for more relevant information in purpose making (Chasan, 2008).Under FAS 157 defines fair value is defined as the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to reassign a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants in a measurement date (Sortur, 2007). If companies have restated their monetary statements from historical cost accounting to fair value accounting, the purpose was laudable since in simple terms, the endeavor is to make the information more relevant, more accurate and more safe for decision makers.If stockholders got affected in terms of decline price of stocks as a result of restatement of financial statements, the error was when they were made the purchase of their investments under the histor ical cost accounting. Since fair value accounting may also increase the value of the stocks if fair value is higher(prenominal) than cost, it could not be asserted that it should be blamed for the fall of prices but not praised for increased in price increase of stock prices. 3. inferenceIt can be concluded that it is not reasonable to blame fair value accounting for any of the Wall Street mess since fair value accounting is only bringing out what is fair to investors who deserved to know accurate and reliable information for making decisions. Fair value accounting is an accounting standard made by FASB that was made as a requirement from the corporation which must present impartial and reliable information for investors. As an alternative to historical value of accounting, fair value is expected to have present company more reliable information about their assets and liabilities in accordance with market prices.Its implementation may have caused companies to present their financi al information and if the information presented were more truthful, the consequence of causing problems to companies should only be secondary to the purpose of providing objective and more reliable financial information. Any fall in stock prices from Wall Street may in fact have been caused by companies having to restate their financial statement pursuant to fair value accounting but the intention was to reflect to truer value of assets and liabilities of the corporations whose stocks got affected.Losers should not blame fair value accounting since the latter is just a guide to have more truthful information and they would have a change also of higher stock prices under fair value if warranted by market forces. If there was no basis for such more truthful information, then restatements of financial information using fair value would not have been made in the first place. If buyers and sellers are not being compelled to complete their transaction, fair value accounting must be held a s fair and cannot be blamed for the mess.In fact, fair value accounting should have been introduced years past for it could have saved some abuse and a lot of problems (Rees-Mogg, 2007). References Brigham and Houston (2002), door to Financial Management, Thomson-South Western, USA, 2002 Chasan, Emily (2008), Is fair value accounting really fair? entanglement inscription URL, http// web. reuters. com/article/reutersEdge/idUSN1546484120080226, Accessed November 21, 2008 Meigs and Meigs (1995), Financial Accounting, McGraw-Hill, Inc, London, UKRees-Mogg (2007), Why FAS 157 strikes dread into bankers, www document URL http//www. timesonline. co. uk/tol/comment/columnists/william_rees_mogg/article2852547. ece, Accessed November 21, 2008. Samuelson and Nordhaus (1992), Economics, McGraw-Hill, Inc, London, UK Sortur (2007) Fair Value Measurement, The Chartered Accountant www document URL, http//icai. org/resource_file/96471564-1574. pdf, Accessed November 21, 2008

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